Angel Over The Right Shoulder Essay

1845 words - 7 pages

THE LEGACY OF MARTIN LUTHER KINGMartin Luther King Junior was born in 1929. He was born during the Great Depression and the Harlem Renaissance. He lived the Second World War and the Vietnam War. Although he did not, just lived history but also formed it. His name comes after the German reformer Martin Luther as his father Michael King changed his name in honor of him. King was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and the leader of the African - American Civil Rights Movement. But before we enumerate his imperishable merits, we have to look at the happenings of Civil Rights Movement before Martin Luther King Jr. and the causes of them.Firstly, we must mention that Movement of civil rights was worldwide political movements of equality. In many cases, these movements took the form of civil resistance, as they wanted to achieve change through nonviolent forms of resistance. The United African-American Civil Rights Movement started in 1896, long before Martin Luther King Jr. The American Civil Rights movement has been made up of many movements. Following the Civil War, attempts were made to protect the civil rights of the newly freed slaves. Three constitutional amendments were passed, including the 13th Amendment that ended slavery, the 14th Amendment that gave African Americans citizenship, and the 15th Amendment that gave African-American males the right to vote. The first Civil Rights Acts were passed in 1866, 1870, 1871, and 1875. Those acts tried to protect the ex-slaves rights and freedoms, like the right to sue, to be heard in jury trials, and the right to hold property. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was the first United States federal law to define US citizenship and affirmed that all citizens were equally protected by the law. The Civil Rights Act of 1870 a United States federal law written to empower the President to enforce the first section of the Fifteenth Amendment. The Civil Rights Act of 1871 empowered the President to suspend the writ of habeas corpus to combat the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacy organizations. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 guaranteed African Americans equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and prohibited exclusion from jury service. Unfortunately, some Southern states were reluctant to observe the law and after the election of 1876, the South regained political control of the region's state legislature. Two United States Supreme Court decisions we have to mention in connection with discrimination and African-American Civil Rights Movement served as milestones. The first one is the Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. Homer Adolph Plessy was a man of mixed race. He was born as a free man and he was an octoroon. However, under Louisiana law, he was classified as black, and thus required to sit in the "colored" car on a train. On June 7, 1892, Plessy bought a first-class ticket at the Press Street Depot and boarded a "whites only" car. After Plessy took a seat in the whites-only railway...

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