Corrections Copy, changes being made as suggested by etutor 4/10
Animal Assisted Therapy in Hospitals and Institutions
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is a means of therapy that is intended to help the patient's recovery advance, the patients can express themselves with and through the pet. Patients are allowed to pet, groom and walk, ride or swim with the animal giving them a chance to nurture and find companionship with the pet. Some of the goals are to improve a patient's social, emotional and/or cognitive functioning. The therapists seeks to achieve a better rapport with the patient channeled through the use of the animal that is assisting in the therapy. Due to concerns from ...view middle of the document...
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While Canine therapy is the most accessible for most patients and wouldn't be a therapy that would work in hospitals and institutions, Equine Therapy is shown to be helpful especially with patients that have problems with psychological issues, there don't appear to be cases of equine therapy being useful in other health related fields. The studies do report that the patients in treatment are (a) more oriented in the present; (b) better able to live more fully in the here and now; (c) less burdened by regrets, guilt, and resentments; (d) less focused on fears related to the future; (e) more independent; and (f) more self-supportive. (Klontz) The use of Equine Therapy does involve the interaction with the horses and exposing the patients to the animal's hair, dirt and germs, yet the patients that are for the most part working with the horses do not have open wounds, these patients are being treated by the therapy due to psychological issues. Canine Therapy is advantageous for patients with psychological issues as well and a bond and responsibility is built with the dogs just as is done with the horses.
There are some patients in recovery that are well served by water therapy and the use of Dolphin-assisted therapy which began back in the 1950 and was done by Dr. John Lilly and Dr. Betsy Smith who studied the effects that dolphins have with people who have a wide range of disabilities and/or are recovery from surgery that water therapy is useful to aid in the patients recovery. Some of the results that come from dolphin-assisted therapy are stress reduction, increased relaxation, depression being alleviated, a boost in T-cells that help to fight infection, endorphins and hormones are stimulated bringing a reduction of pain and more enhanced recovery. While Dolphin-Assisted Therapy is not available everywhere the practice has helped many people have a more relaxed and productive recovery than they may not have had without this therapy. (McKinnley)
There are 3 stages that the pet and patient have to go through to achieve successful interactions and for the road to recovery for the patient to be smoother.
Stage one is when the patient meets with the therapist that is trained with the pet of choice. In this session some of the patients needs are addressed before the patient meets their animal then animal will meet with the patient and their first interactions will begin. (1)
Stage two is set up and build a relationship between the patient and animal. The patient is allowed to assist in caring for the animal doing...