All plants are made up of different plant cells. Plant cells are considered eukaryotic cells they have a nucleus. Inside a plant cell the DNA is located inside the nucleus. The nucleus is basically a headquarters for a eukaryotic cell. It also stores the genetic information for a cell. Organelles are also located inside plant cells. They have important jobs inside the cell they produce energy for the plant cell and they also produce enzymes and hormone.
A plant cell has a cell wall which surrounds the plasma membrane. A cell wall is made up of lignin and cellulose they are very tough and rough compounds. Lignin and cellulose for example is what makes a tree grow very tall. A cell wall gives a plant structure or it's roots, stems ,and leaves. The cell wall also protects the plant. Plastids are also located in a plant cell. They are organelles that store and make compounds inside a plant cell.
A chloroplast is the most important plastid inside a plant cell. The chloroplast makes light energy from the sun light and makes into sugars and oxygen. Chloroplasts helps make the food and oxygen that humans need everyday. Plant cells have a large central vacuole. The plant cells are able to push water into the vacuoles and then produces turgor preasure which reinforces the plant and makes it rigid. Vacuoles are kind of like a storage container for a plant that can store water that plant will need.
All animals are made made up of many animal cells. An animal cell has a cell membrane that is soft and squishy. The cell membrane keeps in the cells contents. It's job is to monitor what comes in or out of the cell. The cell membrane also has selective permeability which chooses what molecules can come in or out of the cell. Each eukaryotic cell has nutrients and water that is called a cytoplasm. Inside the...