Animal Experimentation Essay

1045 words - 4 pages

Animal testing, also known as Animal Experimentation, is using non-human primates to test human products on. The discipline of science impacted is biology. Majority of Animal Testing is done in Universities, medical schools, and pharmaceutical companies. The controversy of Animal Testing is deciding whether to continue or ban it. Both would affect the world, or society as whole, since animal testing does decide what is the right doses, vaccinations/medicines, what will affect the human body and what will not.
There are many positive benefits to Animal Experimentation. It has been said that “not testing new pharmaceutical products on animals is highly dangerous” (HIV and AIDS Information and Resources). Many tests that are done on Animals and then released for the general use are; “Acute toxicity tests consisting of the administration of a single dose of a chemical at a concentration great enough to produce toxic effects and death. An example of such a test is the Lethal Dose 50 (LD50) test in which 50 per cent of the subjects in an experimental sample are expected to die. Biological screening tests designed to determine the biological activity of organic compounds in experimental animals. Carcinogenicity tests where animals, usually rodents, are exposed repeatedly during their life to potential carcinogens (cancer-causing agents). Developmental and reproductive toxicity tests consisting of several procedures designed to assess the potential of chemicals to induce miscarriages or to cause infertility or birth defects, usually in rodents and rabbits. Eye and skin irritation tests are designed to determine whether a particular chemical or product will cause irritation on handling or exposure. The notorious Draize test, in which rabbits have test substances dripped into one eye (the other acts as a control), is an example. Mutagenicity tests are designed to assess whether certain products are capable of causing genetic mutations. Neurotoxicity tests determine the extent of toxic effects on vertebrate nervous systems. Animal behavior is observed to detect any lack of coordination, motor disorders, altered learning abilities or gross behavioral changes. Repeated-dose chronic toxicity tests commonly use rodents to test the effects of repeated exposure (2 weeks to 12 months) to particular chemicals “(Elizabeth Close). Many of these test are used for human benefit, and will greatly help the generations to come. Animal experimentation does have benefits.
There are many consequences to Animal Experimentations. One of the cons of Animal Experimentation is that “About 20 million animals are experimented on and killed annually, three-fourths for medical purposes and the rest to test various products” (Animal Testing and Ethics). Even “an estimated eight million are used in painful experiments. Reports show that at least 10 percent of these animals do not receive painkillers” (Animal Testing and Ethics).. Animals may be benefitting the society as a whole,...

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