Animal Experimentation And Research Essay

2622 words - 10 pages

Animal Experimentation and Research

In the basement of the psychology department here, a poster hangs on the wall; on it is a picture of two white lab rats and a caption that reads, ?They?ve saved more lives than 911.? This poster hangs on the wall of the room where I performed brain surgery on a rat. Many people would be morally opposed to this and any other form of animal research and experimentation and feel that it should be banned. This heated debate has been going on for centuries with each side possessing strong arguments. A central argument to this debate is whether or not animals are moral patients, with feelings anId the ability to suffer, and if we as humans are entitled to use them as means. Many people feel that we have made great medical advancements that would not have been possible without the use of animals. Alternatively, some feel that despite the medical advancements made, the use of animals remains an unethical practice. I feel that animal experimentation has the capacity to be very beneficial to medical research. However, scientists should try to prevent as much suffering as possible. Likewise, it would be a good idea to prohibit unnecessary testing and experimentation, especially with the recent development of many alternatives.

Despite mounting controversy, many people still find animal experimentation to be a moral and correct practice. A widely accepted thought of some philosophers is that animals are not morally equal to us; therefore, we do not have to treat them as such (Fox, 3). Furthermore, according to Michael Allen Fox, author of The Case for Animal Experimentation, ?animals fail to meet the conditions specified for full membership in the moral community and likewise fail to qualify for having rights? (57). The conditions that he feels animals do not meet are characteristics humans posses: self-awareness, complex language, and the ability to make long-term decisions, among others (50). Likewise, R.G. Frey, who wrote a book titled Interests and Rights: The Case Against Animals, said that even though animals can experience unpleasant situations, they have no true desires, preferences, or memory (?Right from Wrong? 26). If we consider their arguments, it is possible to conclude that animals are not on the same level as humans, which morally allows us to use them for experimentation. Clearly, if everyone agreed that an animal is a member of the moral community?meaning on the same level as humans?then we would not have an ongoing debate. Perceiving an animal to be on the same level of humans in terms of moral implications would then mean that we must treat them as equals.

This begins to introduce another fundamental issue involved in this debate: suffering. Jeremy Bentham introduced this idea with the ubiquitous statement, ?The question is not, Can they reason? nor Can they talk? but, Can they suffer?? This ability to suffer is often attributed to somebody who is a member of the...

Find Another Essay On Animal Experimentation and Research

Let's Put an End to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

2006 words - 8 pages We Must Put an End to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation Without animal research, cures for such diseases as typhoid, diphtheria, and polio might never have existed. Without animal research, the development of antibiotics and insulin would have been delayed. Without animal research, many human beings would now be dead. However, because of animal testing, 200,000 dogs, 50,000 cats, 60,000 primates, 1.5 million hamsters, and

The Cruelty of Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

1391 words - 6 pages The Cruelty of Animal Testing and the Need for Alternative Methods In his book Inhumane Society: The American Way of Exploiting Animals, Dr. Michael W. Fox estimates that twenty-five to thirty-five million animals are used in the United States each year for laboratory testing and research (58). Research involving tests done on animals is unnecessary and cruel. More humane methods of research need to be employed. Fox states that animal

Medical Schools and Animal Experimentation

2027 words - 8 pages eventually be put down. The animals are tortured just to live in fear and eventually be put down. All of the stress and boredom that they go through causes them to have neurotic behavior. When someone walks by the cages their blood pressure rises and they shake in fear. Animal research/experimentation is a form of animal abuse. There was a video I watched where the people were treating the animals terrible. They were ripping animals off of cages

animal experimentation: pros and cons

1945 words - 8 pages correctly or the animal may have slimmer chances of survival. They have to keep that animal alive, and well fed so it doesn't die, give it shelter, and care. Long-term experiments will increase the cost of animal care, and keep in mind it's not just a one hour experiment that the animal can leave after. That's why we have to have a lot of funding for animal research and testing. Over $14 billion of USA's $31 billion budget goes towards animal

Animal Experimentation Issues and Alternatives

2527 words - 10 pages tissues work. This knowledge is obtained from animal research; recently, there have been several attempts to create possible alternative methods and replace them with animal experimentation. The first attempt was in 1959, by Russel and Burch , who were obviously cared for animals. The major concern about using alternatives was the removal of inhumanity in animal experimentations, which can cause fear or pain for animals (Smyth,1978). 7. Possible

Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons

2364 words - 10 pages The first pro to animal testing is that it has helped us create lifesaving cures and treatments. The California Biomedical Research Association released a statement saying almost every single medical breakthrough has resulted in the direct use of animals in the last 100 years. Can you believe this? Taking out dogs pancreases helped us discover insulin, chimpanzees helped us get a vaccine for Hepatitis B, and even the polio vaccine was tested on

It's Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

1442 words - 6 pages The debate about using animals for medical testing has been ongoing for years. The struggle is usually between extreme animal rights activists and scientists. The animal rights activists believe animals should never be used for research, and the scientists believe any use of animals is acceptable. Listed below are factual historical accounts of animal use, statistics, and arguments against the use of animals. In ancient Greece animals were

Animal Experimentation is Ethical and Necessary

1168 words - 5 pages Each year, more than twenty five million animals are used for scientific research in the U.S. More than ninety percent of those are mice (Ericson para 1). The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences argues that even sophisticated computers are unable to model interactions between molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms and the environment, as well as animals, making animal research necessary in

Animal Experimentation: The Price of Being Beautiful and Healthy

2378 words - 10 pages Experimentation on animals in the twenty-first century has unearthed many great findings but also resulted in detrimental consequences to the lives of human beings today. A few positive results of animal testing include: new medicines, surgical procedures, cosmetic products, and many important medical discoveries. Some of these discoveries altered the way we, as humans, will live forever, but most of the experimentations performed to these

Investigating Ethical Issues from a Philosophical and Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation:

826 words - 4 pages comprehension that animals should be respected just as humans should and although the catholic church does not disagree with this opinion, according to the book of Genesis we can use animals to “meet our own needs.” Using academic research about the opposing respected opinions, a better understanding can be made about wether or not animal experimentation is ethical or unethical. Hernandez 2 Animal experimentation, otherwise heard of

Investigating Ethical Issues from a Philosophical and Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation

2115 words - 9 pages due evidences such as these, that animal experimentation for medical research can be seen as productive for human or harmful to the lives of innocent animals. In a recent case study named, “Researchers Urged Not to Inject Virulent HIV Strain Into Chimps,” a group of primatologists, AIDS researchers and animal conservationists, strongly advise vaccine developers to immediately stop injecting chimpanzees with HIV. (J.Cohen) This study is an example

Similar Essays

Animal Experimentation In Scientific Research Essay

2561 words - 10 pages not been proved to be greatly successful compared to other methods of experimentation. Along with the fact that it is not advantageous over other modes of research, animal models have not been approved (AAVS). This by itself shows that the millions of experiments using animals solely as models are meaningless. Instead of being supported by scientific articles, animal research is known for its limitations and unreliable results (AAVS). Non

We Need More Animal Research, Testing, And Experimentation

1477 words - 6 pages We Need More Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation   A life can be taken or created in a matter of seconds and with that has come the miracles of modern medicine. People have come to expect science to save lives, prevent illness, relieve suffering and improve the quality of life. The means of curing, treating and preventing diseases are not achieved by magic or accident. Medical advances are gained through years of intensive

Needless Animal Research, Testing, And Experimentation Is Wrong

964 words - 4 pages Needless Animal Experimentation is Wrong   If penicillin had been tested on guinea pigs, it might never have reached the public. It is lethal to guinea pigs, deactivates the blood system of rabbits and is deadly to cats ("Bio-Medical Research"). Scientists are pushing for more experiments regardless of the cost to the animal's life. "One expense is the involvement of killing animals in the pursuit of a pine-scented air freshener"(Vergoth

A More Responsible Approach To Animal Research, Testing, And Experimentation

1628 words - 7 pages It’s Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable