This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Animal Experimentation Issues And Alternatives Essay

2527 words - 10 pages

1. INTRODUCTION
Currently, Animals experimentation is becoming a controversial topic. As millions of creatures have been tested to benefit human life. A simple definition of this procedure is observing scientific laboratory examinations on live animals. There are many campaigns around the world which reject these tests and request the alternatives. They believe that this kind of experimentation is harmful for people as much as it is cruel to animals while others argue these experiments are substantial for humans live as they are used in important medical research. In this project I will present different areas of this hotly debated issue with an important clarification of the history of animals testing and the common use of it with outlining both negative and positive aspects of them. Then, I will offer possible alternatives to these experiments .
2. HISTORY OF ANIMAL TESTING
Animal experiments history can be referred to ancient Greeks and Romans writings. The first experiments on living animals were performed by a Greek scientist called Erasistratus in 18th century. During the18th and 19thcenturies these tests transferred from being relatively uncommon to a scientific mainstream. In Russia, the development of embryos was discovered by the Zoologist Christian Pander In 1817, which led to same discovery in human embryos. Additionally, in 1912, dogs were used to study rejoining severed nerves by a French surgeon called Alexis Carrel. This was the first step in organ transplantation.
In 1921, Frederick Banting caused the revolution of diabetes medicines by improving the pancreatic ducts of dogs, and discovered that the isolation of pancreatic secretion can keep dogs with diabetes alive. He followed up these experiments with chemical isolation of insulin in 1922 with John Macleod. After many years, using animals in medical research has had plenty of changes and developments. A good instance of this is Dolly the sheep, which was born as a first cloned animal in the world in 1996.
3. Animals commonly used
Laboratories animal has to have special properties such as, an appropriate body size to ease dealing with it during the experiments, cheap to house and easy to breed like mice and rats; another good example is Beagles which are the most commonly used dogs because they are docile, trusting and obedient. Furthermore, there are several sorts of animal which are widely used on these tests such as, fish, birds, reptile, mammals and amphibian.
According to the website of national statistic in the United Kingdom the usage of laboratories mice has the highest percentages with 69% while the total of other types usage is only 31%.
4. The use of Animals Experiments in the following fields
1- Biomedical research
2- Toxicity testing.
3- Biological science. ...

Find Another Essay On Animal Experimentation Issues and Alternatives

Medical Schools and Animal Experimentation Essay

2027 words - 8 pages Issues." PETA. N.p., 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/classroom-dissection/ . Cohn, Meredith. "Alternatives to animal testing gaining ground." The Baltimore Sun [Baltimore] 26 Aug. 2010: 1-2. Print. "Cosmetics and Household-Product Animal Testing | Animals Used for Experimentation | The Issues." PETA. N.p., 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2014. http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation

Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons Essay

2364 words - 10 pages why we frequently use mice in experimentation. All mammals have common ancestors which is why we have the same organs and they function in a similar fashion. Since they are so close, they are able to have the same illnesses and conditions like cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. The fourth pro of animal testing is that it would not be right to put human lives in danger so animal testing must be done. If a medicine is tested for something like

animal experimentation: pros and cons

1945 words - 8 pages to check the animals, and all proposals to testing on animals must be approved by IACUC. All proposers of animal testing must comply to the rules of animal testing, and obey them throughout the testing. Laws including the Animal Welfare Act have been issued on behalf of animals so they are not abused during any experimentation. Animals do not have rights either way, so it's fair game to test on them, and saying that, there aren't many people

Animal Experimentation is Ethical and Necessary

1168 words - 5 pages =c9h&AN=65522180>. Web. Harrison, Roy M., and R. E. Hester. Alternatives To Animal Testing. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2006. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 10 Mar. 2014. . Web. Saraf, Shyam K., and Vinay Kumaraswamy. "Basic Research: Issues With Animal

Animal Experimentation: The Price of Being Beautiful and Healthy

2378 words - 10 pages medicines resulted from the lack of current alternative medicines that do not require the use of animals. Today, safer technology and more effective alternatives exist to cure, treat, and prevent deadly diseases in the human race. Laboratories equipped with alternatives safely replace the detrimental horrors of animal experimentation. After modern-day animal testing kicked off the 1900’s, scientists began to standardize and perfect tests and

We Need More Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

1477 words - 6 pages We Need More Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation   A life can be taken or created in a matter of seconds and with that has come the miracles of modern medicine. People have come to expect science to save lives, prevent illness, relieve suffering and improve the quality of life. The means of curing, treating and preventing diseases are not achieved by magic or accident. Medical advances are gained through years of intensive

Needless Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation is Wrong

964 words - 4 pages Needless Animal Experimentation is Wrong   If penicillin had been tested on guinea pigs, it might never have reached the public. It is lethal to guinea pigs, deactivates the blood system of rabbits and is deadly to cats ("Bio-Medical Research"). Scientists are pushing for more experiments regardless of the cost to the animal's life. "One expense is the involvement of killing animals in the pursuit of a pine-scented air freshener"(Vergoth

Let's Put an End to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

2006 words - 8 pages We Must Put an End to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation Without animal research, cures for such diseases as typhoid, diphtheria, and polio might never have existed. Without animal research, the development of antibiotics and insulin would have been delayed. Without animal research, many human beings would now be dead. However, because of animal testing, 200,000 dogs, 50,000 cats, 60,000 primates, 1.5 million hamsters, and

A More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

1628 words - 7 pages It’s Time for a More Responsible Approach to Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation The debate about using animals for medical testing has been raging for years. The struggle always seems to be between extremist animal rights activists who believe that animals should never be used for research, and scientists who believe that any use of animals is acceptable. There are a growing number who argue that there must be a reasonable

The Cruelty of Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation

1391 words - 6 pages can be alternatives to research and testing that involve animal suffering, then it is a scientist's responsibility to adopt these alternatives. Needless suffering of any creature is not progress. As Fox says, "if the pain and suffering to the animal would be greater than the amount of pain and suffering that a human might feel under the same circumstances, then the experiment should not be permitted" (64). According to the March 1995 edition

The Ethics of Animal Testing for Vaccine Development and Potential Alternatives

2451 words - 10 pages potential alternatives to animal testing, and the search for such alternatives is of ethical importance. Historically, the use of animals for experimental purposes dates back to early Greek physician-scientists. Aristotle and Galen both conducted experiments on animals in an effort to contribute to our understanding of science and medicine.1 Claude Bernard later established animal experimentation as part of the scientific method. Known as the

Similar Essays

Alternatives To Animal Experimentation Essay

2951 words - 12 pages Alternatives to Animal Experimentation The search for alternative methods to animal testing is underway in many laboratories across the entire world. While success has been made, the research is far from over. These alternatives have been developed using the concept of the three R’s. In 1959, William Russell and Rex Burch defined the principle of the three R’s in the book Principles of Humane Experimental Technique. The three R’s are

Investigating Ethical Issues From A Philosophical And Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation:

826 words - 4 pages Investigating Ethical Issues from a Philosophical and Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation: “Ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals, and the answer is, “Because the animals are like us." Ask the experimenters why it is morally okay to experiment on animals, and the answer is, "Because the animals are not like us. Animal experimentation rests on a logical contradiction.” (Charles R. Magel) For abounding years the

Investigating Ethical Issues From A Philosophical And Religious Perspective: Animal Experimentation

2115 words - 9 pages due evidences such as these, that animal experimentation for medical research can be seen as productive for human or harmful to the lives of innocent animals. In a recent case study named, “Researchers Urged Not to Inject Virulent HIV Strain Into Chimps,” a group of primatologists, AIDS researchers and animal conservationists, strongly advise vaccine developers to immediately stop injecting chimpanzees with HIV. (J.Cohen) This study is an example

Animal Experimentation And Research Essay

2622 words - 10 pages advancements made, the use of animals remains an unethical practice. I feel that animal experimentation has the capacity to be very beneficial to medical research. However, scientists should try to prevent as much suffering as possible. Likewise, it would be a good idea to prohibit unnecessary testing and experimentation, especially with the recent development of many alternatives. Despite mounting controversy, many people still find