Taking Advantage In The Animal Farm By George Orwell

840 words - 3 pages

In his allegorical novel Animal Farm, George Orwell asserts that those who allow themselves to be blinded by their naive devotion to their work inevitably allow others to take advantage of them, resulting in the eventual destruction of all they have worked for. Using a simple, lighthearted fairy tale, he could convey his message without alienating his readers—readers who were weary of the darkness of World War II and ready to move into a newer, happier, more optimistic age, but who, Orwell believed, needed to be warned to be vigilant against a future controlled by power-hungry rulers. The author entices the readers’ attention by representing the reality of human conditions, that they may draw such lessons as “power corrupts.” The ignorance of the mass of the animals shows that education contributes substantially to today’s understanding of government.
George Orwell causes the readers to become aware of education's role that stratify the population of Animal Farm. Following Old Major's death, the pigs are the ones who took the power to direct and supervise the others—pigs who are the cleverest among animals and "with their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership"(17). At first, the pigs are loyal to their fellow animals and to the revolutionary cause. However, it is not so long before the intelligence and education of the pigs turn from "tools of enlightenment to implements of oppression"(Orwell). The moment the pigs are faced with something material that they want—the "milk and apples"(23) for keeping their good health—they withdraw the Animalism equality and use their intellectual knowledge to deceive the other animals. For example, knowing the other animals cannot read and write, the pigs limit their opportunities to gain intelligence and education by teaching themselves how to read and write from a children's book but destroy it before the other animals can have the same chance (Orwell). Moreover, the Seven Commandments inscribed on the wall are the rules that not all animals can read thus it becomes an opportunity for the pigs to revise the rules whenever they like—such as from "no animal shall drink alcohol"(15) changed to "no animal shall drink alcohol to excess"(73). Despite the changes, most of the animals are still blind to see the true meaning of the text. Ironically, the readers' view is different from the animals for they are not fool by the pigs' trickery unlike the animals who are easy to fool. The author shows that the ignorance of most of the animals allow themselves...

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