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Animal Farm And Stalinist Russia Essay

1365 words - 5 pages

Animal Farm and Stalinist Russia

In his book "Animal Farm" George Orwell gives a very vivid and
accurate account of what happened in Russia after Czar Nicholas II was
forced to abdicate. Being an allegory, most of the characters and
events have a parallel in Stalinist Russia. Minor characters in the
story also symbolize things that are very relevant to the history of
Russia.

Mr. Jones is the embodiment of the old government, of the monarchy
where the autocrat takes all without giving anything; he is the last
of the Czars. Czar Nicholas II lost control because the publishing of
Karl Marx's book "Communist Manifesto" led to the successful February
Revolution, had ignited the spark of reformation.) Farmer Jones lost
control of the animals after they got the spirit of revolution from
Old Major's speech and revolted. The outcome was a successful
Rebellion. Since Old Major was dead and Jones was gone, the Animals,
ironically, needed a leader to be in charge of the new Animal Farm,
where they were all free and equal.

Pigs were considered the most intelligent, and out of them Snowball
and Napoleon were the most prominent. Trotsky and Stalin fought for
power, but Stalin eventually eliminated Trotsky, having him expelled
from Russia. In the same manner, Snowball and Napoleon constantly
disputed; Napoleon was already hungry for power and soon after the
Rebellion, had plans of getting rid of his opponent. In the midst of
an eloquent speech about the plans for making a windmill by Snowball,
Napoleon directed the dogs he had raised to attack Snowball. Thus, he
had eliminated his only rival and was free to control the farm.

Upon the expulsion of Snowball, Napoleon's first decision was to
eradicate the Sunday Morning Meetings. "They were unnecessary, he
said, and wasted time. In the future all questions relating to the
work of the farm would be settled by a special committee of the pigs
and, presided over by himself." (Orwell) This is also very much like
the Command Economy that Stalin had made, in which the government made
all economic decisions. Stalin's next decision was to build the
windmill that he had been so opposed to when proposed by Snowball.
Trotsky had proposed a Five-Year Plan for the industrialization of
Russia, and Stalin was opposed to it. After Trotsky was gone, Stalin
had no economic ideas of his own; "In a word, he put into practice the
dictatorship of industry for which Trotsky had called five years
earlier." (Ovseyenko) The windmills, hence, represent the Five-Year
plans, or Russia's Industry.
As Trotsky gained more power, it was imperative for him to eliminate
any who might challenge it, and also to keep a bodyguard around him to
prevent any harm from coming to him; maintaining this in mind, he
assigned a secret police to assassinate people who were against...

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