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Animal Farm, By Geopge Orwell Essay

1653 words - 7 pages

“The pen is mightier than the sword”, a popular saying, and one that is unequivocally true. Although physical force and power can manipulate someone into acting a certain way, it is not as effective as intelligence. Intelligent people can use the force of their words to extents that physical strength does not extend. Furthermore, intelligent people can use things like propaganda, lies, and deceit to get whatever they want. This is clearly proven by the actions of the pigs in the Animal Farm. Because of their high levels of intelligence compared to the other animals of the farm, the pigs are able to manipulate everyone else to achieve their own personal means through the use of propaganda, lies, and deceit. Propaganda can be seen clearly in the role of the pig Squealer, although it is prevalent throughout the story. In this case, propaganda is used by the pigs to tell the other animals exactly what they want to hear, and to cover up any sort of mistakes on the parts of the pigs. Lies are used to further the personal agendas of the pigs, as well as damage the name of Snowball in the eyes of the animals. Propaganda is used as a defensive measure on the part of the pigs, whereas lies are used as an offensive maneuver by the pigs to strengthen their positions. Deceit is used by the pigs to placate the animals, a maneuver that can be seen as neither offensive nor defensive. Deceit is most prevalent in the maxim of “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others”
Propaganda has long been used as a tool to defend institutions and organizations. It was used during World War One and World War Two to placate the masses and to protect the governments at the time. Simply put, propaganda is a tool used by the intelligent to manipulate other into doing what those with intelligence want. In the story of Animal Farm, the pigs are used as symbols for the leaders of the Russian revolution. Old Major is used to represent Karl Marx, Snowball for Leon Trotsky, Napoleon for Joseph Stalin, and last but definitely not least Squealer as Vladimir Lenin. Although the first three names are quite well known, Vladimir Lenin is not one that is common knowledge. Lenin was described by many as being the voice of the revolution, that is to say that he had a way of saying exactly what the people of Russia wanted to hear. Because of his ability to speak to people, he became a useful tool of propaganda for the communist movement. Much as Lenin, Squealer too is a useful tool of propaganda. Squealer is described in the Animal Farm as being a brilliant speaker. His ability to speak helped the pigs take over the farm after overthrowing Mr. Jones, as well as helped the pigs stabilize their rule over the other animals. Because of Squealer the pigs were able to literally get away with anything: “Comrades!” he cried. “You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege? Many of us actually dislike milk and apples. Milk and apples...

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