Animal Farm begins as a vision of Utopia, perfect society but ends as
a nightmare who is to blame for the betrayal of revolution?
Animalism was, in its truest sense, a dream conjured by Old Major. He
could never achieve his vision of Utopia. Throughout the satire, the
pigs visibly taint Old Major's concept of equality. It is obvious to
the readers from the very beginning, that the pigs would become
At the start of the satire, all the animals gather in the barn to
listen to Old Major's dream, "everyone was quite ready to lose an
hour's sleep in order to hear what he had to say". Old Major was a
boar, and was "highly regarded" on the farm. This is the first
character introduced; he is a pig and held a superior position amongst
other animals. It seems as if pigs already held a high status in the
farm. Another act that conveyed the pigs' superiority was their
seating position, "the pigs settled downâ€¦ immediately in front of the
platform", apparently more important than the other animals. "The work
of teaching and organizing the others fell naturally upon the pigs,
who were generally recognised as being the cleverest of the animals".
The pigs held responsibility for the management of the farm, this will
inevitably led to the animals' full dependency on the pigs.
Two pigs were "pre-eminent"; Napoleon and Snowball. Although it is
necessary for the intelligent animals to teach the less intellectual
creatures, a main leader contradicts the concept of equality. Napoleon
has "a reputation for getting his own way"; he is an ominous character
who possesses an authoritarian quality, which once again, contradicts
equality and communism. His negative descriptions hint at corruption.
Snowball was animated and inventive, he created many Animal
Committees, although these projects failed, he showed genuine interest
and concern when referring to the lives of the animals ("Napoleon had
no interested in Snowballs committees"). Napoleon and Snowball
appeared to be united against Jones and his men after the rebellion,
burning whips, clothing and serving a double ration of food,
explaining the Seven Commandments to the animals. During the
examination of Jones' home, all the animals agreed that no animal must
ever live there, but this rule was eventually discarded.
Although Snowball seemed to be more honest than Napoleon, this did not
exclude the fact that he was a pig, he ate the milk that "disappeared"
at one point of the satire. This was the first valid indication of
corruption. The pigs had luxuries like milk (according to another pig,
Squealer, they were the "Brain-workers" and deserved these luxuries).
The pigs did not do hard labour, unlike the other animals, but
directed and supervised. If the pigs were intelligent and believed in
Animalism, they would have produced a timetable where few pigs could
work and others could supervise. Snowball created a flag to represent
Animalism, and produced ceremonies...