Animal Farm Essay People's Ignorance Can Lead To Their Social And Political Oppression Essay

1385 words - 6 pages

‘Animal Farm’ is an allegorical novella created by George Orwell to express his views on the Russian Revolution in 1917. In the farm, the leaders are the pigs because they are wisest of all the animals in the farm. They represent the leaders of the revolution in Russia while the other animals in the farm represent the slaves and the working class. Orwell knew of the social and political oppression that was happening in Russia and those that were affected the most were the ones who were ignorant. This connects to ‘Animal Farm’ because other animals in the farm lack knowledge and therefore are ignorant to the power abuse of the pigs. The pigs use this to their advantage to socially and politically oppress them and this is conveyed through the novel using action, dialogue, characterization and a narrative convention which is allegory.
´Animal Farm’ is a fable that shows how the ignorance of people can lead to oppression and is presented in the novel through Dialogue. We can see this happening when Squealer talks and uses manipulative language to persuade and bend the beliefs of the animals. This is shown in Chapter 9, page 83 where Boxer was sent to the ‘hospital’ to get healed, but in reality he was to be sent to the ‘Horse Slaughterer’. Benjamin and Clover were the only ones to notice but Squealer turns down the idea by calling them stupid. “’’It was almost unbelievable’, said Squealer,’ that any animal could be so stupid. Surely,’ he cried indignantly, whisking his tail and skipping from side to side, ‘Surely they knew their beloved Leader, Comrade Napoleon, better than that?’ From this statement, we can see that Squealer uses guilt to make the animals believe that Napoleon wouldn’t do that to his ‘Comrade’. The animals ultimately believe Squealer’s persuasion because they are not smart enough to comprehend the truth. By using guilt and calling the animals stupid, Squealer is degrading them because he knows that animals are not intelligent enough so he uses this as an advantage to socially oppress them by calling them stupid. Both Squealer and Napoleon use the animal’s stupidity to socially oppress and show their leadership over the animals.

Napoleon took the leadership of the farm by force and he uses this power to continuously oppress the animals and this is shown through his actions. The only animals that revolted against Napoleon’s leadership were the chickens but they were executed along with the other animals in the farm because they were thought to be working with Snowball. This is presented in Chapter 7, page 56 “When they (four pigs) had finished their confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out…Napoleon demanded whether any other animal had anything to confess. The three hens…now came forward…They, too, were slaughtered. Then a goose came forward and…a sheep…two other sheep confessed to having murdered an old ram…They were all slain on the spot…until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon’s feet and the air was...

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