Animal Farm Is An Animal Satire

1156 words - 5 pages

Animal Farm is an animal satire through which Orwell indirectly criticizes the Russian Communism, Stalinism by using animals to portray the different classes of people. The aim of satire is to criticize the object of attack, teaching a moral indirectly with a humorous tone, in the animal satire, the author uses animals instead of human beings and places his animals in human situations. Thus Orwell is able to attack on the political ideas and entertain the reader at the same time.The first chapter of the book introduces old Major, the prize White boar, telling the animals about his dream. He says he dreams of a new life for the animals and encourages them to take action against the farmer, Mr. Jones. Shortly afterwards old Major dies, the animals rebel. They expel Jones and rename the farm as Animal Farm. All the animals participate in the rebellion. The pigs, who consider themselves the cleverest of all, assume the administration of the farm. They then write the Seven Commandments of Animalism on the wall:1."Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy."2."Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings is a friend" changes into:3."No animal shall wear clothes."4."No animal shall sleep in a bed"5."No animal shall drink alcohol"6."No animal shall kill any other animal"7."All animals are equal"After this war, Snowball spends all his time trying to improve life in the farm, one of his ideas is to build a windmill; another is to educate the young. Although Napoleon seems to oppose the idea of the windmill, soon afterwards he drives Snowball out of the farm by force and takes over the project as his own. After Snowball has left, life for the animals gets harder and harder. The pigs and the dogs are cruel leaders and do no work to help the farm, despite this they still take whatever they want and when someone complains, they just claim that they need it because they are smarter, which the animals believed. It was agreed without further argument that the milk and the apples should be reserved for the pigs alone.The reader gets an ironic viewpoint because of they see and understand the plots of the pigs which the animals so naively miss. Thus, the reader feels sympathy for the lower animals. In addition, while the reader gets annoyed at the situation, the animals are merely confused. The ironic distance emphasizes the corruption in human nature. Though old Major starts with good intentions, irony goes hand in hand with satire to reveal that these good intentions are certain to be manipulated into evil intentions by Napoleon, creating the total opposite of the "promised land."Napoleon uses Snowball as a scape-goat to force the animals to both be more loyal, and to work harder. He claims that Snowball comes and goes secretly to harm the animals and to steal and sabotage. Later on, he is accused of destroying the windmill and of being in league with Mr. Jones. In time, the pigs start to do trade with human beings. As the pigs acquire more human habits, the Seven...

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