CDW Essay - Suraj Kumar, Period 5
Imagine living in a world where there is a leader who believes his race is superior to other races, but you, the citizen in that world, are too ignorant to understand. You don’t know anything. You cannot do anything while this leader uses his power for personal gain. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, Napoleon is that leader. He is an example of someone corrupted by power. Napoleon truly believes that the pigs are better than the other animals, and uses this as a way to abuse his powers for his own advantage. These abuses include changing the original Commandments that the animals followed to aid him, using the ways of humans, and utilizing blood-thirsty dogs to get what he wants. All of these reasons make Napoleon an unscrupulous, corrupt leader.
First and foremost, Napoleon secretly changed the Commandments to justify any crimes the pigs committed. After any illegal activity, he would change the Commandments to make the activity legal. To give an example, one of the Commandments forbid any animal from consuming alcohol. After breaking this rule, Napoleon sent Squealer to change it at night when every other animal was sleeping. Unfortunately, the pig was caught in the act, as it states in Chapter eight, “...there lay a ladder broken in two pieces. Squealer, temporarily stunned, was sprawling beside it, and near at hand there lay a lantern, a paint-brush, and an overturned pot of white paint.” Luckily for the pigs, the animals were too feeble minded to understand. Squealer had changed the rule from being: “No animal shall drink alcohol,” to, “No animal shall drink alcohol to excess.” This directly proves that Napoleon is corrupt and covers up his crimes, but that is not the only time Napoleon has done this. In Chapter ten, Clover asks Benjamin to read her one of the rules. There was nothing on the Commandment wall; except for one rule: “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL, BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS.” This scene was followed by the pigs carrying whips, buying themselves a wireless set and a telephone, and taking out subscriptions to various magazines. Just like before, this shows that Napoleon had changed the Commandments to aid himself and the pigs. He destroyed the inequality that existed before, just for him to have a wonderful life.
Additionally, Napoleon used blood-thirsty dogs to remain in control. Originally, these frightening hounds were once innocent puppies, but Napoleon had taken them away when they were born. He wanted to “properly” educate them, but little did the other animals know what his actual goal was; to use these dogs to make sure that he is leader as long as possible. Napoleon used these beasts to maintain control and order over the other animals. He also used it to drive his only political opponent away; a pig named Snowball. In Chapter seven, at one of the debates, Napoleon let out a strange whistle. Afterwards, the book declares, “At this there was a terrible baying sound outside, and...