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Animal Research Essay

1628 words - 7 pages

The tension between animal rights and medical/cosmetic research is an extreme issue in today’s society. Every day millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside cold, barren cages in laboratories across the country. They languish in pain, ache with loneliness, and long to roam free and use their minds, but all they can do is sit and wait in fear of the next terrifying, painful procedure that will be performed on them next. Animal Research is a very well known act and has been around for some time. Most of the advancements in the 20th century are because of animals. Many of the products we use each day from medicines to household products are tested ...view middle of the document...

" For most people, necessary research is directed towards finding a cure for human diseases. Peter Singer once stated in his book Animal Liberation Would that animals are living beings just like humans, but people seem to think that animals are nothing but mere tools at their disposal. Anonymous once stated, ‘ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals, and the answer is: "because the animals are like us." Ask the experimenters why it is morally okay to experiment on animals, and the answer is: "Because the animals are not like us." Animal experimentation rests on a logical contradiction. But, according to Tibor R. Machan, “Animals do not have the cognitive ability or moral judgment that humans do and because of this they have been treated differently than humans by nearly every culture throughout recorded history.” Discriminating against animals because they do not have cognitive ability, moral judgment or speech is no more rational than discriminating on a human being with a mental illness or impairment. People who are born with a mental illness or impairment do not ask to be born that way. Just like animals don’t ask to be born to be used in research and testing. People who have an illness or an impairment may not be able to express the pain or suffering they are feeling, just like animals aren’t allowed to express the pain and suffering they are going through. As English philosopher Jeremy Bentham wrote in the 1700s, "The question is not, Can they reason? Nor, Can they talk? But, Can they suffer?”
How are scientists and/or researchers supposed to help benefit humans if there aren’t animals to test or preform procedures on, you may ask yourself? According to The Humane Society of the United States there are nearly 50 different alternatives to animal research. One, being, using blood from human volunteers to test for fever-causing contaminants in medicines that could save up to hundreds of thousands of rabbits each year. There are many steps that need to be taken in order for an idea to become an alternative. It must be defined and developed, then validated by multiple different laboratories. After the alternative is validated, it will be accepted. A clinical research lab in the UK stated, “There is no doubt that the best test species for humans are humans. It is not possible to extrapolate animal data directly to humans due to interspecies variation in anatomy, physiology and biochemistry.” The California Biomedical Research Association has a different standpoint. According to CBRA animals are appropriate research subjects because they are like humans in numerous ways. It is said that all mammals are descended from common ancestors. Meaning, they all have the same set of organs that function is almost the same ways. For example, chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. Because humans and animals are so similar, they are vulnerable to many of the same conditions...

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