It has long been debated as to whether it is ethical to use animals for experimentation. When considering whether animal research is ethically acceptable or not two main concerns must be raised. The first issue is whether it is absolutely necessary to use animals in order to acquire information that may contribute to the improvement of people’s health and well-being. The second issue is whether the use of animals is defendable on a moral ground.
Supporters of animal research believe that animal experimentation and research is ethically acceptable as long as the treatment of the animals is humane and well-regulated. Some of the reasons why people support animal research includes the furthering of human well-being, providing the means to cure disease and advance medicine and science, the belief that it is a better alternative to using humans in research, and the belief that its benefits outweigh the costs (Saucier, 2006).
When considering the advantages and disadvantages of animal research, it is important to take into account the successes that have emerged from animal research, like the development of psychotropic medications. The use of animal research has helped some way in the development of everything from the Tuberculosis cure, to the Polio vaccine, to the treatment of AIDS (Gluck, 2003).
It is also argued that animal testing is beneficial to animals themselves and furthers animal welfare. Treatments for rabies, Heartworm, glanders, Feline immunodeficiency virus, and anthrax, as well as other parasitic infections are all advanced from the use of animals in studies. Animal research is ongoing in the veterinary field in hopes of finding an improved treatment for the feline leukemia virus and improving veterinary oncology. It should also be noted that researchers who have used animals in their experiments have professed to empathizing and forming a bond with the animals they have used, but they believe the progress and advancement in their work because of animal experimentation surpasses the concerns they have regarding animal rights (Marris, 2006).
Those who are staunchly against the proposition of animal research believe animals should not be used for testing because there is no species of animal that is identical to humans, and therefore cannot have reactions identical to those of humans. Because the reactions of animals and humans differ, there is always a problem with the application of the results of animal experimentation to humans (Francione, 2007).
It is also argued that because animals are able to think and possess many of the same emotional responses as humans it is morally reprehensible to experiment and test animals. It is suggested by some of those who oppose animal experimentation that animal research should be abolished and that research done on humans ought to take its...