Animal Testing Essay

1017 words - 4 pages

Animal Testing

As history shows man has endured and overcome many diseases and illnesses. These diseases killed many people and caused many to suffer. Most of these diseases have been cured do to mans medical research. Medical research has improved people’s lives along with increased life expectancy greatly. These medical breakthroughs have helped mankind in many ways, but in order to achieve these advances in medicine many animals suffered through testing. These test done to animals have improved the lives of many humans who would have suffered themselves. The testing of laboratory animals is an acceptable form of medical research. Today laboratory animal testing has come a long way and no longer are animals treated cruelly in testing, the welfare of the animals is a major concern.

There are many concerns for animals’ safety in laboratory testing. The Research Defense Society says that the welfare of animals used in medical research is a major priority of the scientists, vets, and other professionals who perform these tests. This is for the good of the animals and not to mistreat them but also for accurate test results. “If an animal is suffering stress or pain it could affect the results of the research” (Animal Welfare) Animals are housed in the best possibly conditions in order to get reliable results from testing. The zoo community has demonstrated the feasibility and the benefits of maintaining animals in natural habitats. (Bayne) Along with healthy environments the animals used for testing are tested under the three R’s. The three R’s stand for Refinement, Reduction, and Replacement. These three principles are used to regulate the testing of laboratory animals by reducing the number of animals used, refine the testing methods used, and replace tests that require living animals with non-animal techniques. (Three R’s) Today any test on a living animal that could cause it pain would require an anaesthic or painkiller to be given to the animal. This is insures that the animals are not suffering when these tests are done. Another thing to consider when deciding about animal testing is the type of animals used in laboratory tests.

When most people think of animal testing they have a preconceived idea of monkeys being the sole type of animals tested on. Whether this comes from movies or somewhere else it is wrong. Monkeys make up less than .1 percent of all animals used for testing. The largest group of animals used for testing is rats, mice, and other rodents. These rodents are specifically bred for laboratory testing, and are easily tested for human diseases. Mice are tested for medical developments in genetics, immunology, and Aging in humans. (Animal Research) Rodents make up 82 percent of all laboratory animals used for testing. The next largest group of animals used for laboratory research is fish, amphibians, reptiles, and birds. These animals make up 14 percent of all animals used for testing. The fertilized eggs...

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