Animal testing is a controversial subject amongst many people, some of which believe it greatly benefits humanity and others who believe it is animal cruelty. Animal treatment during testing is one of the most discussed arguments between those who are for and against testing. How regulated and ethical or unethical are these procedures? Do animals deserve rights that would make them exempt from laboratory testing? Does science and humans truly reap any real benefits from these experiments or can these results be replicated without the use of animals? Although animal testing has brought advancements to human science in the past, it is an expensive way of researching, is not completely conclusive, and does not have enough positive results to back up its cruel experimentations.
Animal testing is the use of non-human animals for experimentation. Animal research has led to the cure and development for many diseases. “Animal experimentation has led to the development of treatments for diabetes, anthrax, rabies, polio, and smallpox, as well as anti-depressants, tranquilizers and antibiotics. Cancer chemotherapy, organ transplants, gene therapy, blood transfusions, cardiac pacemakers and the discovery of DNA are all linked to animal research” ( At Issue: Animal Experimentation). Tests conducted on animals in labs include consumer product safety, basic scientific research, and the efficiency of test drugs before proceeding to human clinical trials. The reasoning for these tests is to detect the effect it will have on humans. “The most common and controversial tests are the Draize eye irritation test and the Lethal Dose 50 test, used to test for toxicity. The Draize test involves dropping potentially irritating substance into the eyes of rabbits, whose inferior tear ducts do not allow them to cry the substances away. The LD50 test measures the toxicity of an ingredient by determining what concentration of the substance will kill 50 percent of a test group of animals, usually rats” (Morgan J1+).
The animals that are actually experimented on are often forgotten and not being saved by animal activists. For example, more than 90 percent of animals used in research are excluded from the Animal Welfare Act such as birds, rats of the genus Rattus, mice of the genus Mus, and farm animals (Ferdowsian). Why are some animals treated differently than others? Animals excluded from the Animal Welfare Act are considered non-human animals; though animals are animals and many simply only think about household pets and common zoo animals. As of now animals do not have rights, but activist are trying to change that. “The Nonhuman Rights Project has been working on this legal strategy for years, shifting through decisions in all 50 states to find one that is strong on what is called common law, and one that recognizes animals as legal person for the purpose of being the beneficiary of a trust” ( Gorman 19). In laboratories they have to follow...