Animal Testing In Medical Research Essay

1635 words - 7 pages

The growth of the medical research field is a significant development for the human species. New treatments are established to treat many diseases. Although the expansion of the medical research field benefits the human society in many areas, the ethical issue of using animals as testing subjects is often neglected. During this procedure, animals are used to experiment on in the place of humans to ensure the effectiveness of the discoveries and treatments. These processes are not always successful and therefore will often cause excessive pain and distress to the animals. Many animals suffer greatly and may even result in death. It is morally wrong to cause pain or distress to animals in the course of medical research because animals should have the right for welfare and live a pleasurable life thus; we should not harm them during the research process. In this paper I will defend this argument and provide a discussion on this issue by providing arguments supporting my thesis and as well as addressing a counterargument.
During the course of medical research, animals are being deployed in painful ways and used in many experiments to test new discoveries or treatments. It is morally wrong to harm and cause pain or distress to animals in any way during the course of medical research because animals are part of the moral society and therefore should be treated with equity and respect. According to the theory of utilitarianism, the act is moral if it yields the results of pleasure and no pain and produces the greatest goods for the greatest number of people where everyone counts equally in society. According to Jeremy Bentham’s version of utilitarianism, everyone is counted and valued equally in society and this includes animals as well. (Collier & Haliburton, 2011, p. 5-6) Even if the uses of animal testing in medical research produce goods for the society in terms of beneficial treatments, the pain experienced by the animals can be far more than the goods produced. If we evaluate this practice through Bentham’s perception, the action of causing pain and distress to animals during the course of medical research is morally wrong because this process causes no pleasure and great pain and distress to the animals that are also part of the moral society. The animals are also able to feel this pain and distress which is not the anticipated outcome. This result of this action does not produce “the greatest good for the greatest number of people” in which the utilitarian’s follow and would be considered as morally wrong. The causing of pain and distress to animals during medical research should be eliminated so that the animals will not feel pain or distress which will produce the greatest good for the greatest number of people in the whole society.
The act of causing pain and distress to animals during the medical research process is morally wrong because this action is cruel and animals are forced to participate in these experiments. The animals did not...

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