Animals in Space
A long time ago, no one thought you could send people into space, much less animals. Researchers then decided to take a chance and begin to send animals into orbit. From then on, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration started to conduct experiments involving animals. Scientists send animals into space to determine human reactions to microgravity, monitor dietary habits, and record unusual behavior (http://www.nasa.gov/audience/Animals_in_space).
Scientists decided to send animals into space to study how ...view middle of the document...
Scientists solved these problems by giving small animals nutrition bars and potatoes. Bigger animals learned to eat a nutritious gel (http://space.com/laika. All animals also get altered living quarters so it is spacious and comfortable.
The first animals that were intentionally sent into space were fruit flies that were on a V2 rocket in 1947 to study radiation at high altitude (http://www.universetoday.com). The rocket reached 68 miles in 3 minutes and 10 seconds. The Blossom capsule was ejected and successfully let out the parachute. The fruit flies were found to still alive and unharmed. On June 11, 1948, the United States launched a V-2 Blossom carrying Albert 1, a rhesus monkey. Albert 1, was the first mammal to be launched into space, yet his mission was unsuccessful. The US then launched a second monkey and deemed him Albert II. Albert II reached an altitude of 83 miles until he was due to come back and died upon impact because his parachute didn’t release, yet it was still a successful mission.
On August 31, 1950, The U.S decided to try something a little different. This time they were going to send a mouse into space. This would have been a successful mission had the rocket not have disintegrated because of parachute failure.
The first animal to live through a space flight was a monkey named Yorick on September 20, 1951. Since then, the Holloman Air Force Base launched two Philippine monkeys, named Patricia and Mike, to study differences in faster speeds if both moneys were in different positions. Both monkeys ended up being recovered safely. The United States continuously worked on monkeys, sending a total of thirty-six, while other countries such as Russia began working on dogs. While the Air Force worked on dogs, they were repeatedly unsuccessful and so the program was suspended. While the USA worked on monkeys, the Soviet Union kept tabs on their research and began working on dogs. The Soviets chose to use dogs other than monkeys because they were easier to tame. The first dogs they sent into space were on July 22, 1951, when Russian scientists sent Tsygan and Dezik, two dogs, on a suborbital flight and recovered them safely, making them the first canines to survive a trip into space, yet the trip was unsuccessful because they did not survive. They then sent, what would later be a famous mission, a...