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Anna Freud: An Examination Of Her Life And Contributions

736 words - 3 pages

Anna Freud was born on December 3, 1895 to Sigmund and Martha Freud. Anna was the youngest of six children. She was a lively child with a reputation for mischief. She grew up somewhat in the shadow of her sister Sophie, who was almost three years older than her. As a child Anna was exceptionally close to Freud. Anna did not have a close relationship with Martha Freud and was alleged to have rather dysfunctional relationships with her siblings. She attended a private school, but did not enjoy the experience. The majority of her education was learned directly from the teachings of Sigmund as well as his friends and associates.
Anna completed her education at the Cottage Lyceum in Vienna in ...view middle of the document...

When Sigmund needed treatment in Berlin, Anna was his escort. Freud’s cancer was also the reason why a "Secret Committee" was formed to safeguard psychoanalysis. Anna was a member of this committee, and each member was given a ring as a symbol of trust. Anna Freud was General Secretary of the International Psychoanalytical Association from 1927 to 1934. She carried on with the practice of child analysis and led and organized conferences on the topic, and was still able to tend to Sigmund. Anna represented her father at public occasions when he was no longer able to represent himself.
In 1935 Anna became director of the Vienna Psychoanalytical Training Institute. The following year Freud published her influential study, The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense. The book was a move away from the traditional bases of psychoanalytical thought in the drives and it became one of the biggest advancements of ego psychology earned her respect in the field of psychology as a notable theoretician.
The political and economic condition in Austria got worse in the 1930s. Anna and her colleague, Dorothy Burlingham, were disturbed by the circumstances of the underprivileged and became deeply involved in the matter....

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