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Annotated Bibliography On Sex Trafficking Essay

921 words - 4 pages

Kotrla, K., & Wommack, B. A. (2011). Sex Trafficking of Minors in the U.S.: Implications for Policy, Prevention and Research. Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk: Vol. 2 (Iss. 1), article 5.
Retrieved from:

This journal article examines the issue of minor sex trafficking in the U.S and provides the reader with the results of the research that was conducted on the matter at hand. A data analysis consisting of 115 minor sex trafficking was thoroughly examined and studied. The information surrounding these cases was collected using two specific methods. One method included the reviewing of press releases of human trafficking cases issued by the Department of Justice. The second method was to obtain information via online searches of media reports.

This study examines the research that initially began on October 28, 2000 and spanned through to October 31, 2009. If a human trafficking case occurred in the US, with the victim being under the age of 18, and at least one arrested, indicted or convicted felon, their case would be filed in the data analysis report. This research resulted in the finding of 115 separate incidents of human trafficking, involving at least 153 victims and 215 felons or perpetrators, 117 (53.4%) of them being convicted of their heinous actions. Each individual case consisted of anywhere between 1 to 9 victims of trafficking. 90% of these victims were females between the ages of 5 to 17 years who were held captive from less than 6 months to 5 years. 25 (16.3%) of these minors were exploited through some type of false promise and 15 (9.8%) were kidnapped. 34 (22.2%) of the victims were abused through commercial sex practices and 144 (94.1%) of the victims were forces into prostitution. 38 (24.8%) of the victims had been advertised on an internet website.

The significance of this study is to accentuate the severity of the heinous nature of human trafficking. Thus, this journal article indicates the need for stronger legislation to educate various professional groups and the implementation of harsher laws for traffickers.

Hope For Justice. (2012). Human trafficking briefing. Retrieved from:

This NGO report conducted by Hope For Justice investigates the UK and global markets for the exploitation of human beings, outlines the methods of exploitation and informs us of the ways in which Hope For Justice, a non-Government organisation, is contesting and fighting against the issue at hand. Sex trafficking is a sensitive and complex issue which consists of 3 primary elements: what criminals do (act), how criminals do it (means), and why criminals do it (purpose). By understanding these three elements, one is able to delve into the mind of a criminal.


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