From 1450 C.E. to 1750 C.E. What effect did the interaction and development of culture have on different societies?
1483 C.E. – 1546 C.E. Martin Luther attacked the Catholic Roman Church.
Martin Luther criticized the Roman Catholic Church on a wide range of issues spanning from indulgences, to closing monasteries, and advocating to remove the pope. Luther drew a popular response from the common people, and by the 1530s, many German cities passed laws prohibiting the observance of Roman Catholicism and required all religious services to follow Protestant doctrine. These German cities develop from being primary Catholic into Protestant. This shows change over time because questioning the Roman Catholic Church was not a common occurrence due to the power it had. The historical importance of Martin Luther is that he founded the Protestant Reformation.
1491 C.E. – King Afonso I of Kongo was baptized due to efforts of Portuguese missionaries.
Portuguese priests and missionaries introduced Roman Catholicism to central Africa. They took an interest in King Afonso I and had him, and his descendants converted to Christianity. This shows continuity over time because Catholicism is a missionary religion and many European countries such as Spain, France, and Portugal actively tried to spread their religion to other societies. This is important because it introduced Catholicism into Sub-Saharan Africa.
1531 C.E. – Virgin of Guadalupe
Roman Catholicism became increasingly popular after the occurrence of Juan Diego seeing an apparition of the Virgin Mary. The site became a local shrine and was visited a lot by Spanish settlers. Over time it attracted pilgrims from all over Mexico. This shows continuity because just like before, Catholicism is a missionary religion and all countries that adopted it would spread it to other societies. Though it is different in that it wasn’t due to the acts of missionaries or priests, but a vision of Juan Diego. The Virgin of Guadalupe was important because it ensured that Roman Catholicism would be the dominant religion in Mexico.
1540 C.E. – St. Ignatius Loyola and a small group of disciples formed the Society of Jesus
St. Ignatius was a Basque nobleman who suffered a leg injury in the military that ended his career. After becoming more spiritual he and a few disciples founded the Society of Jesus. The disciples, known as Jesuits, were very well educated in philosophy, history, science, literature, and theology. They were the most prominent of early Christian missionaries out side of Europe and attracted new converts from India, China, Japan, and the Americas. This continues the idea that Christianity was a missionary religion and was spread by its followers. The establishment of the Society of Jesus was important because they were able to help make Christianity a global religion.
1556 C.E. – 1605 C.E. The time of Akbar’s reign in which...