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Anorexia And Bulimia: An Overview Of The Disorder

848 words - 3 pages

Anorexia and bulimia are really complex disorders that stems from muchmore than just weight preoccupation. There are usually under lying issues thatneed to be resolved. The food is often just how the problem manifests itself(Levenkron, 164). People will develop eating disorders when they feel they needcontrol. Controlling the body can seem like the ultimate control to the anorexic(Robbins, 33). Families with eating disorders often have dependency patternsthat are unhealthy (Robbins, 33). It isn't uncommon for a eating disorder victim tohave suffered from sexual assault, perfectionism, identity conflicts, or troublecommunicating (Robbins, 34). A young girl might become anorexic when she hitspuberty, while trying to keep her body child like. Fear of womanhood, andmaturation are common. The loss of periods and breast often fuel the obsession(Levenkron, 174).Anorexia Nervosa is a eating disorder primarily characterized by a personsrefusal to eat. To be diagnosed with anorexia a victim will have lost 15% of his orher body weight. They will refuse to eat enough to adequately nourish their body.There is usually a distorted body image, so that even when severely underweight,a person will believe that they are overweight, or normal (Smith, 11-16). Aperson with anorexia will sometimes limit their caloric intake to under 300 caloriesa day (Levenkron, 6). physical symptoms include slowed digestion, constipation,coldness, lanugo, ammenohea, weakness, kidney and liver damage, loss ofmuscle, infertility, osteoporosis, and irregular heart beats (Smith, 13-14).Bulimia is when a person eats and then uses some method to get the foodout of there body. Vomiting being the most common. Emetic, laxatives, anddiuretics are methods that are also used (Levenkron, 7). A person with bulimiawill often binge, which is consuming large quantities of food, that are high incalories. It is possible for a bulimic to consume 15,000 calories, and then vomitso that it won't cause weight gain. It often seems like a simple solution, but it canhave very serious physical problems (Levenkron, 6-7). Bulimia can be difficult todiagnose, a person with it isn't always underweight. They can maintain normalweight, or are sometimes overweight (Robbins, 120). Signs that a person isstruggling with this are preoccupation with food and weight, sore red knucklesfrom vomiting, tooth decay, sore throat, puffy swollen face and glands, weightfluctuation and mood swings (Moe, 128). Bulimia can also lead to organ damage,and severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. These are very dangerous,and can lead to cardiac arrest (Moe, 131). It is not uncommon for people witheating disorders to have intermittent periods of both anorexic and bulimicsymptoms (Robbins, 65).Treatment methods vary for different individuals with eating...

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