Anorexia Nervosa, AN, is an eating disorder that affects mostly females in their teenage years. The number of people that suffer from this disorder has increase in the recent decades making it a disorder that causes more deaths compare to any other psychological disorder. AN can have an effect on someone’s social life as well as physically and psychologically. It’s a disorder that can be treated with proper treatment, but identifying the symptoms is the first step.
According to the present clinical literature, anorexia nervosa entails refusal to uphold health weight range as well as body image distortion. The most common symptoms of AN that can be identified include fear of gaining weight or/and becoming fat; refusing to maintain a healthy weight according to the height and age; failing to make anticipated weight growths at times of physical development and growth; loss of the menstrual cycle in females. (DSM –IV-TR,2000).
Anorexia nervosa is portrayed by relentless hunt of thinness, emaciation, deep fear of gaining weight and distortion of body image. People with anorexia initially start dieting in order to lose weight which over time, the weight loss develops into a sign of control and mastery. The force to become slim is in reality secondary to concerns regarding control or/and fears involving one’s body. An individual carries on the cycle of limited eating, frequently accompanied by behaviors like overuse of diet pills, excessive exercising and laxatives to achieve weight loss. Eventually the body is driven to a point near starvation.
There is obviously a strong connection between body image and eating disorders. With the media constantly feeding the idea of what the perfect body should be in order to be seen as beautiful. Females in their teenage years are the ones that are easily targeted, creating desire to have the same image as well. All those constant ideas created by society and media gives a drive to individuals to diet constantly, use diet pills and to develop unhealthy eating patterns that could develop into an eating disorder .(Gay,2003 pg 86) Individual characteristics such as perfectionism, poor self-image are more at risk of developing AN. People that suffer from AN don’t see their body as perfect and feel ashamed or embarrass of their body which can lead them to isolation and fear of eating in public. They might focus and exaggerate on certain parts of their body that show imperfections to the point where they become obsess. Their self-esteem is very dependent in their weight. When weight loss is reached it gives the person a sense of achievement and pride giving boosting up their self-esteem, but when no weight is loss the feelings of guilt and failure lowers their self-esteem. . (DSM –IV-TR,2000).
While AN normally starts to be noticeable in early adolescence, it could also be seen in adults and young children. AN is likely to affect people in industrial societies like the...