Anorexia Nervosa: Hazardous Disease Or A Normative Behavior?

2022 words - 8 pages

"...should I lose some weight, am I going to be a star?" Madonna in her new single is openly trying to be sarcastic about her American dream. She is making an excellent point about the way society is trying to shape our conscience. "You should lose at least ten kilos before you become a singer" an image-maker was advising a girl who had great bodily dimensions, making me think that I should quit eating for good. What we are in a way being taught today is that success and happiness mean thinness. Top models, actors and actresses, television people, and every one surrounding us are fairly obsessed with their bodies. So, they pass their obsession to us because after all we really want to get the job of our dreams, we want that cute guy to like us, and we want to get into that cool group of people. At this very moment there is a great number of people starving themselves in order to have the "ideal" figure. I can surely understand that by being cautious about our bodies we keep it healthy and constantly in good shape but there are some limits to the way we define "being cautious" and "healthy". It simply means that we do not harm ourselves by trying to lose weight. Basically, what it means is not to end up suffering from a disorder like anorexia nervosa. There is, though, a controversy concerning the promotion of anorexia nervosa. Some say that we are dealing with a harmful disease, others that it is a normal way of life. So, what is to be said about anorexia? There are two sides to the story: Is Anorexia Nervosa a destructive disease or simply a way of life?According to the Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV, Anorexia Nervosa is:1.Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height (e.g. weight loss leading to maintenance of body weight less than 85% of that expected) or failure to make expected weight gain during a period of growth, leading to body weight less than 85% of that expected.2.Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight.3.Disturbance in the way in which one's body weight or shape is experienced, unduly influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight.4.In postmenarchial females, the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles.Anorexia Nervosa is basically a self-imposed starvation resulting from a distorted body image. The severity of Anorexia Nervosa should be understood by everyone since, according to the National Association of Anorexia & Associated Disorders, the mortality rate for anorexia is higher than any other psychological disorder. On the one hand, what is mainly discussed below is that due to its physiological and psychological symptoms and relatively high death rate, Anorexia Nervosa should be handled as a hazardous disease.First of all, and according to the Mary Hart Center for Eating Disorders and the National Institute of Mental Health, the sufferer who is diagnosed with anorexia...

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