Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder in which a person loses more weight than what is considered healthy for their weight and age. Individuals with anorexia may have an intense fear of gaining weight even if they are underweight. They may exercise or diet too much or use another way to lose weight. Often the individuals obsess over their weight and the food they consume. It is construed by the inability to keeps one’s body weight within 15 percent of their ideal body weight. There are two types of anorexia nervosa: restricting type and binge-eating and purging type. They regularly deny how serious the disorder is. Anorexia is a serious and potentially life threatening mental illness.
Anorexia Nervosa is a big part of adolescence life. In society today there are many social standards that promote a thin body. Adolescents tend to look up to the super thin models that are plastered all over billboards and on television and in magazines. When in reality the models are unhealthy and malnourished. Adolescents strive to be just like them, and in the end are hurting or even killing themselves. Media also plays a big role in anorexia. Many adolescents see celebrities as having the perfect body. All adolescents hear about is how everyone is losing weight and how much better they look. Approximately ninety percent of individuals diagnosed with anorexia are women between 12 and 25. Most of them have low self esteem even though they tend to be high achievers in school. No matter how thin they are they still see themselves as fat. The pressure to make themselves fit in with the rest of society and among other things lead to anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders.
The cause of anorexia is unknown but many factors may play a role. A person’s genes and hormones may be involved or it could be the social attitudes that advocate thin body types. Many thought family conflicts contributed to the disorder but now conflicts are no longer considered to contribute to anorexia or even other eating disorders. Other risk factors include being more worried about weight and shape, having an anxiety order as a child, having a negative self-image, eating problems during infancy or early childhood, having certain cultural or social beliefs about health and beauty, and trying to be perfect or overly focused on rules. Generally anorexia starts to show in pre-teen, teen, or young adult years. Alought it can be seen in males it is more common in females. Anorexia is mainly noticed in white women who are high achievers in school and who have goal orientated families. Many people with anorexia nervosa are also diagnosed with other mental illnesses including depression, anxiety disorders, and substance abuse disorders. The presence of said illnesses may increase the risk of developing anorexia later in a person’s lifetime.
People with anorexia maintain their weight and lose any excess weight in many different ways. Some will cut their intake of calories drastically or...