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Ansiety Disorder: The Development Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

1161 words - 5 pages

Introduction

To many military service members, stress during combat is an every day occurrence, which is linked to their survival in those austere environments. Additionally there are so many elements in combat, which can affect the mind of combat veterans temporarily or permanently based on their personal experiences. And because their survival in combat depends on their experiences, managing some of that stress can be detrimental since it might affect their wits. However in many cases, when in garrison, combat veteran do not learn how to manage those combat stressful experiences, which served them well in war. Consequently they develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is an anxiety disorder in response to dangerous ordeal or to witnessing a significant life event (NIMH, n. d). PTSDs, just like any stress, are linked to stimuli that Watson and Shalev (2005) referred to as “Primary Stressor.” Most PTSD treatments aim to building resiliency and developing coping mechanism. One of the ways to treat PTSD is the cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). One of the three approaches of CBT is the use of “Exposure Therapy” where the client is placed in a safe and relatively similar traumatic environment to help the client cope (NIMH, n. d.). However Watson and Shalev (2005) cautioned to apply stressors only for a limited duration, and prevent “bio-psychological system” to fracture, stressor application cannot exceed client resilience threshold. For this reason, I hypothesize that the gradual application of simulated stressors over a period of time in a safe and control environment could be beneficial in helping combat veterans cope or manage their PTSD.

Purpose

The purpose of this experiment study is to test the stress theory (Watson & Shalev, 2005), that relates to gradual application of simulated combat environment scenarios to manage PTSD as the body ‘s response is assessed over a period of time for combat veterans in safe and simulated laboratory environment. The independent variable will be defined as preselected combat scenarios, which simulated similar combat environment that caused trauma on the participant in the combat environment. The dependent variable define participant’s successful coping with display of the four observable indicators (Watson & Shalev, 2005), and time is the control variable, which is the elapsed moment between the beginning of application of scenarios to the conclusion of the study.

Method

Participants
For this experiment, I will be requesting a permission from wounded warriors organization to use at least 40 combat veterans suffering from PTSD. Participants will be combat veterans with at least one combat tour and diagnosed with PTSD. The limiting factor for the number participants is determined by the cost associated with the use of imaging device that I plan on using for this experiment.

Instrumentation
For the purpose of this experimental research, I will be using the Single Photon Emission...

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