Antecedent Based Intervention: Motivation Principles Essay

1786 words - 7 pages

A. Motivation Principles
Carol’s behavior of excessive talking off subject during lessons on topics that do not interest her is directly related to Glasser’s Choice Theory. Glasser believes that when any of the five basic needs (survival, to belong and be loved by others, to have power and importance, freedom and independence, and to have fun) are not met in the classroom, in Carol’s case it is fun, then negative behaviors can occur. Glasser also believes that when these needs are met, then students are well behaved and content. Because Carol feels that the lesson is “boring and useless”, her need to have fun is not being met and she therefore misbehaves and disrupts class and talk off topic (Charles, 1999). Most likely, Carol’s negative behavior has been reinforced by altering or reducing the duration of the lesson and this is why she continues to misbehave (ABI, 2010).
A1. Antecedent
Antecedent-based intervention (ABI) includes identifying the antecedent, recognizing the need to be fulfilled, and implementing methods to achieve desired outcomes through a functional behavior assessment (FBA). By utilizing a FBA, the path to achieving desired outcomes is clearly defined. The relationship between an antecedent and behavior is correlated with the environment that the student is a part of and can be directly related to a negative behavior. The antecedent in Carol’s case is clear: Carol feels the lesson is “boring and useless” which does not meet her need to have fun, and consequently leads directly to her negative behavior of talking off subject and thus interrupting the class. Because Carol is uninterested in the lesson, her need to have fun is not met and she disrupts the class using avoidance behavior (Charles, 1999; ABI, 2010).
A2. Consequence
A possible consequence for Carol disrupting the class by talking off topic is that she will not absorb information being discussed during the lesson that she feels is “boring and useless”. Her need to choose what topic is being discussed has not been met and she chooses not to pay attention. Not paying attention can cause Carol to fail on her assignments and any assessment given on the topic. By avoiding the antecedent and consequence, the negative behavior can be avoided (ABI, 2010).
A3. Instructional Intervention
An instructional intervention that could be implemented in Carol’s case would be including high-interest materials to engage Carol, keeping her on task, and thus mitigating negative behaviors. An example of high-interest materials that could be used in the lesson is a high-energy game. A high-energy game that incorporates movement and verbal drilling of information can keep the whole group on task (ABI, 2010). Kounin describes this technique as ‘positive’, stating that using something that is not ordinary will keep student interest and reduce negative behavior. Kounin recommends that introducing a challenge into a lesson can keep interest and entice students to take on...

Find Another Essay On Antecedent-based Intervention: Motivation Principles

Behavior Modification Essay

2085 words - 8 pages Intervention 3 Behavioral intervention of a schoolboy displaying low on-task behavior in his classroom      Behavior assessments are important applications for gaining insight into the motivation of individuals. By conducting these assessments, target behaviors can be defined. After defining these behaviors, functional relationships can be identified. This links the target behavior with antecedents and consequences

Organizational Learning: Annotated Bibliography Essay

1369 words - 5 pages Bond, 2006. Working with Barriers to Organizational Learning. Networking for International Development. Retrieved from: http://www.bond.org.uk/data/files/resources/467/Barriers-to-Organisational-Learning-.pdf Bond is the network for over 290 UK-based non-governmental organizations working in the international development and development education. The organization stresses the barriers to organizational learning as due to bias for action

Demonstrate how behavior theories apply, within a school-based situation to ensure a positive learning environment is encouraged at all times.

3258 words - 13 pages advantages of this behavioural approach are the simplicity and ease of use in teaching automatic behaviour patterns. However, criticisms include a dependency on extrinsic rather than intrinsic motivation (Kohn 1993) and lack of appreciation of the cognitive input for learning which defines the teacher's role "as being to arrange the environment so that students can learn or construct their own knowledge". (Porter 2000; p.37)The understanding of an

An Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder

2329 words - 9 pages would be referred for additional screening. At this stage, the child will need to be screened to check for specific symptoms of autism. The screening can be based solely on the parent’s observation of the child; however, the most accurate diagnosis also combines an in-depth observation of the child's behavior. This includes the combined observations and assessments of a multidisciplinary team generally composed of a: psychologist, psychiatrist

International Relations to 1970: Examine the reasons for the United Nations intervention in the Gulf War of 1991. Was this intervention justified?

1698 words - 7 pages The United Nations intervention in the Gulf War of 1991 represented a controversial turning point in the development of the organization, despite having a firm legal basis and adhering to its purposes and principles. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 was met with unanimous UN condemnation, imposing sanctions and calling for the withdrawal of Iraqi troops. UN motivation for intervention was based primarily on institutional aims and

Poverty and Mental Illness

2487 words - 10 pages failures often turned to substance misuse or abuse (Belle, 1990). The antecedent identified is lack of social support, with criteria of increased psychosocial stress and a consequence of substance misuse or abuse. Sociology Davis (1999) reported about individuals who were in a government based disability programs that were at threat to decrease benefits. There were three different programs in this study that help support those with

Therapeutic Intervention From an Occupational Therapist in an Oncology Service

4632 words - 19 pages approach was applied in order to draw selectively upon various schools of thought when addressing Mary's variety of needs. The 'Biomechanical' approach could be used which provides a graded programme of exercise based on kinesiological principles that will help with restoring function and also, the provision of equipment and orthoses that will help overcome residual disability. The 'Humanistic Client-Centred' approach, which

Advanced Communication

3072 words - 13 pages In this essay I will be elaborating on the concept of communication within the mental health services. I will further explore it’s effectiveness. The names of all involved in this reflection have been altered and pseudonym used in accordance with (NMC 2008). I will explore the definition of communication, its rationale and its application within my professional area. My reflection is based on Gibbs Reflective cycle (1988) with 6 stages

Attention Deficit Disorder

2574 words - 10 pages , mix lower interest activities with higher interest activities, interact with other people, engage in physical exercise, create challenges to increase interest and choose a career path of high intrinsic motivation (Schweibert, 2002, p3).Because ADD generally results in a deficit in behavioral performance, the context in which interventions for children with ADD are developed is as important as or more important than the intervention itself

A Genogram for the Alcoholic Richard Doe

2596 words - 10 pages skills used in social interactions among each participatory family member, not just the identified patient. This paper seeks to create a genogram, which traces and identifies the pathology of an alcoholic patient namely Richard Doe; in addition, it will provide meaningful family therapies to aid with intervention. Shalay and Brownlee (2007) explain that the blended family is an increasingly important

Treatments for Autism

2252 words - 10 pages behaviors and skills that the child needs to target are broken into the small ABA steps and can be repeated until the child accomplishes them with ease. Twenty-five to forty hours of ABA therapy sessions should be practiced each week and families are encouraged to incorporate ABA methods into the child's daily life. Pivotal Response Treatment, known as PRT, is a behavioral intervention therapy based on ABA techniques. It was previously called the

Similar Essays

Identifying Therapeutic Goals Essay

819 words - 3 pages skills training, self-modification programs and self-directed behavior, multimodal therapy, and mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches. As mentioned, applied behavior analysis is one of the interventions of behavior therapy. This intervention uses operant conditioning techniques. A few key principles include positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, extinction, positive punishment, and negative punishment. Each one of these can be

Anxiety In The L2 Classroom Essay

1168 words - 5 pages energy to propel behavior” (p. 61). In addition, MacIntyre (2002) suggests, “anxiety is an antecedent to motivation (referencing Tremblay & Gardner, 1991, p. 64).” I hated feeling this way in class and eventually got over my anxiety issues. Given my social nature and desire to learn something this semester, I learned how to manage my emotions and deal with my anxiety. Based on the principles of self-determination theory (Noels

Functional Analysis

878 words - 4 pages According to Schlinger, Jr. and Normand (2013), B. F. Skinner most likely used the term functional analysis for the first time in 1948 for his William James Lectures and then later in his 1957 book Verbal Behavior. In applied behavioral analysis manuscripts, the term usually is recognized as an unbiased pretreatment evaluation which is used to control probable antecedent variables and possible reinforcers for problematic behavior. Phillips and

Applied Behavior Analysis

982 words - 4 pages more formal term for this method is called “Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence” analysis. The stimulus is represented by the antecedent (events prior to the occurred, behavior) and the Consequence. (Events that precedes a behavior). Behavior Analysis believes these are imperative to understanding behavior and the influence of events. Furthermore, the term operant conditioning behavior corresponds to the stimuli of the consequence. Moreover, the