Anthrax The Disease Essay

866 words - 3 pages

Anthrax' in recent times has become very well publicised in this time of uncertainty. With the threat of terrorism lingering, anthrax has been documented in its use as a biological warfare agent. The following will discuss what type of disease anthrax is, the symptoms of infection, what is occurring at the cellular level to cause the symptoms and possible treatments available to counteract anthrax effects.Anthrax also known as splenic fever, malignant pustule or woolsorter's is a contagious disease of ectodermic animals (including humans) caused by the bacterium Bacillus Anthracis. Bacillus Anthracis can form spores that are highly refractive to light and resistant to staining. There are three types of anthrax: coetaneous ("skin"), gastrointestinal ("stomach") and inhalational.Coetaneous Anthrax: the most common of the naturally occurring types of anthrax, comes from handling contaminated animal product such as meat, wool, or hides. The spores germinate, vegetative cells multiply, and a characteristic gelatinous edema develops at the site. This develops into papule within 12-36 hours after infection. Within 2 days a black scab is formed called an eschar. About 5% to 20% of untreated cases can result in death, but death is rare if antibiotic therapy is given.Gastrointestinal Anthrax: is a very rare disease this point reinstated by the fact that there was no documented case in the USA during the 20th century. Initial signs of infection are nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting and fever. These symptoms are then followed by severe abdominal pain, vomiting blood, and severe diarrhea. Death results in 25% to 60% of cases.Inhalational Anthrax: Initial symptoms may develop in 1-6 days and resemble those of the common cold or flu: sore throat, mild fever, muscle aches and tiredness. These mild symptoms however can progress very rapidly after a few days and escalate into severe breathing problems and shock. If left untreated the death rate exceeds 99%. Even when treated aggressively in a state-of-art hospital centre, once severe symptoms develop, 45% to 80% of patients could die.The transmission of anthrax from human to human is possible but exceptionally rare. Anthrax is one of the oldest diseases known diseases, coetaneous Anthrax was once an epidemic and still appears in many areas of the world, but only sporadically in western and southern parts of United States and Europe.Anthrax spores are tasteless, odorless, and invisible. Anthrax can appear in both internal and external forms. The internal type is acquired by inhaling anthrax spores, as from animal hair and wool, which invade the lungs and sometimes the intestinal tract, to cause hemorrhage. Those who handle infected...

Find Another Essay On Anthrax The Disease

Bacillus Anthracis, the bacterium that causes the anthrax diesease - Saint Mary's University/Microbiology - Research paper

1051 words - 5 pages vaccine to prevent anthrax however it is usually only offered to adults that are considered at risk. These people include people whose jobs may allow them to come in contact with the disease, people who work in a lab with anthrax, people who handle animals and animal products as well as some members of the military. Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA) is approved by the FDA and protects against cutaneous and inhalation anthrax. The vaccine has not yet

The Dangers of Anthrax Infection Essay

1370 words - 6 pages Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax normally transpires in warm-blooded animals, however it can also infect the human body. Anthrax spores can now be produced in powdered substance for biological warfare which may be kept and crushed into particles. Anthrax is diagnosed by isolating Bacillus anthracis from the blood, skin lacerations, or respiratory discharges or by measuring


785 words - 3 pages extensive research toward the use of anthrax as a biological weapon in the 1930s. Several countries produced anthrax during World War II but Japan was the only country to use it as a biological warfare agent. Japan produced mass quantities of anthrax from 1939 until 1945. The bacterium B. anthracis is what causes anthrax. It is primarily a disease of plant-eating animals such as cattle or sheep. The spores are extremely resistant to

Anthrax letters

1261 words - 6 pages Shortly after the attacks on the World Trade Center September 11, 2001 there began a rash of Anthrax laced letters being sent through the United States Postal System. This form of Anthrax was sent as spores known as Bacillus Anthracis, the type of bacterium that causes Anthrax. This terrorist style act resulted in 22 cases of disease and 5 deaths (Walsh, Skane 2011). Anthrax is an extremely life threatening disease. It is a hard working and


775 words - 3 pages Prior to September 11, 2001 many people did not know much about anthrax besides it being a highly infectious fatal bacterial disease of mammals especially cattle and sheep, that cause skin ulcers and being transmittable to humans by inhalation and through infected meat. In fact, the last time anyone died of anthrax until now had been in 1976. Because of a growing media influence over the past decade, anthrax myths have been numerous, and many

Describes Anthrax, the different types and what it does to a person that gets it, and how a person gets it- 5 pages- done for a High School Anatomy Class

1538 words - 6 pages AnthraxAnthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in wild and domestic lower vertebrates (cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes, and other herbivores), but it can also occur in humans when they are exposed to infected animals or tissue from infected animals. Because anthrax is considered to be a potential agent for use in biological warfare, the Department of

Bruce Ivins

2550 words - 11 pages United States containing a substance known as bacillus anthracis or Anthrax. This attack waged on the US would end up sickening 22 people, and fatally wounding 5. The man that is held to be the killer in this attack is said to be Bruce Ivins, a Senior Biodefense Researcher at the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Disease. To begin, let’s look at some basics of Mr. Ivins. Ivins was born and raised in Lebanon, Ohio, about 35


734 words - 3 pages so much on the news but, what is it? Webster defines anthrax as an infectious disease of warm-blooded animals caused by spore-forming bacterium. Or, in other words, it's an infectious bacteria and if humans of animals come in contact with it out look in not always good. For humans, we can transmit anthrax in three ways. One, we can contract it by cutaneous(skin). This form of anthrax is the most common, about 95% of all people that

BAcillus Anthracis: Anthrax

684 words - 3 pages bandages, and medical devices. The largest outbreak was in 1979, when anthrax was accidently released from a Russian military research and development lab, which caused a regional epidemic that killed 69 people. The bacteria can also be used as a weapon. There is a great deal of concern for this because anthrax can be contracted by inhalation, which is the deadliest form of the disease. The bacteria can be grown in laboratories and with the right

This a overview of Anthrax, its effects and remedies

544 words - 2 pages The anthrax vaccine was developed using rhesus monkeys. The vaccine for humans was completed in the US during the 1950s. FDA approval of the vaccine followed in 1970. Besides its military application, the vaccine has been used consistently to vaccinate those most likely to be exposed to the disease, such as lab workers, veterinarians and people working in the livestock industry. Severe reactions to the vaccine are reported to be less than 1 per

Bioterrorism - The dangers, effects on society, and the actions of the government

1724 words - 7 pages while the government goes undercover to solve the problem as the media is left to give its own over exaggerated version of everything opinions on things.Although terrorists could use many disease-causing agents, experts on biological warfare regard anthrax and smallpox as the two biggest hazards. Other infectious diseases that pose a threat include plague, tularemia, botulism and tuberculosis. However, experts believe these organisms and diseases

Similar Essays

Everthing About Anthrax Essay

560 words - 2 pages Isn't That a Rock Band?Anthrax in recent times has become very well publicized in this time of uncertainty. With the threat of terrorism lingering, anthrax has been documented in its use as a biological warfare agent (Fox 1). The following will discuss what type of disease anthrax is, the symptoms of infection, what is occurring at the cellular level to cause the symptoms and possible treatments available to counteract anthrax effects."Anthrax

Introduction To Qualitative Analysis

1757 words - 8 pages INTRODUCTION Anthrax is defined as an infectious disease that is caused by a certain type of rod-shaped bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. The name of the bacteria comes from the Greek word for coal, due to the ulcers with dark centers that form on the skin of those with the disease. Carnivorous animals are often infected with the disease, as opposed to humans. However, these animals can transmit the bacteria, Bacillus anthracis, to humans

Anthrax Report

1597 words - 6 pages to survive in extremely harsh conditions and can survive for years and even decades dormant in the soil. It is a very acute disease which means that it has rapid onset and a short course. Anthrax usually infects animals such as cattle, but occasionally can infect humans and in most cases without treatment is lethal. The deadly component of anthrax is its three-protein exotoxin which is secreted by virulent strains of the bacteria. This toxin was

Anthrax Essay 1281 Words

1281 words - 6 pages Anthrax is not your common disease. It does not cause a simple cough or a small upset stomach. It doesn’t pass in the air from human to human. It is a tedious almost undetectable disease that has plagued the lives of many. Anthrax has been a major factor in human history, although the disease doesn’t always hit the race first. Anthrax is mainly caused by herbivore’s that graze in infected land. The plagues that were written in Exodus may have