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Anthropogenic Climate Change In The Himalayas

3098 words - 13 pages

Mount Everest is the tallest most dangerous mountain in the world. Located in the Himalayas on the border of China and Nepal it is a spiritual leader for the communities that live in the Himalayas. But for the tourists who travel there to embark on a vigorous life-changing journey it is just a mountain that they hope to conquer. Everest has been a beacon for climbers and adventurers for over 50 years, starting in 1953 when Sir Edumund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay his Sherpa, climbed it for the first time. Everest or Sagarmatha, meaning goddess of the sky the Nepalese name for Mount Everest, has since been climbed by thousands people, both experienced and not experienced. As more time has passed and climbers and tourists from all over the world continue to flock to the mountain, more environmental degradation has plagued the area and the communities of the Himalayas, Nepal and Tibet. As Mount Everest becomes a beacon of greatness more and more people wish to climb, or pay to be assisted to climb. The increased human activity on such a majestic natural landscape has changed the make up of the land and increased pollution and environmental degradation. In this paper the impacts of human activity and pollution on the communities of the Himalayas and Mt. Everest will be researched and explained through the World-Systems Theory. The World-Systems Theory is a theory that looks at a social analysis of the world and the way the world is made up into core and peripheral countries. This theory will help explain the effects of environmental degradation on the Himalayas due to excess tourism in the past decade.
Mount Everest standing at 29,035 feet above sea level is one of the most beautiful creations of nature in our current lifetime. However, this beautiful creation of God was not discovered until the 19th century when the British first started mapping India and the Himalayas in a survey called the Great Trigonometrical. In 1852 they realized that Peak XV titled after the current King of England, or Everest as we know it today, existed in its magnitude within the Indian subcontinent. Later in 1856 the British managed to measure the mountain at the height of 29,000. Later again in the 2000’s it was re-measured through GPS technology adding 35 feet to the discovery to amount to 29,035 feet above sea level. (Everest Q&A., 1998) Mount Everest is split between two regions. Half of the mountain is found in Nepal and the other half is found in Tibet. Mount Everest is politically geographic in nature because each side of the Himalayas has different environmental regulations and laws. This area is politically geographic because there are local political or cultural boundaries and physical geographic features, which dictate a lot of the activity in the region.
Through time Everest became a driving force for the economies of Nepal and Tibet due to its large tourist population and its iconic demeanor around the world. The governments of China and Nepal both benefit...

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