As it relates to adults, the Antisocial Personality Disorder is described as a type of chronic mental condition in which the adult is dysfunctional and destructive in their ways of thinking. Perceiving situations and their relating to others. Individuals with this disorder have no regard for right or wrong and in many cases disregard the rights, wishes and feelings of others (Haase, 2009).
People with this condition will antagonize, manipulate or treat others either harshly or callously. Those with the disorder often violate the law, in frequent trouble, they show no guilt or remorse. Many times they lie, have violent or impulsive behavior, problems with substances and alcohol use Haase, ...view middle of the document...
This is what is called temperament (Flory et al., 2002).
Environment. This speaks to the surroundings that a person grows up in, including the events that occurred, the relationships he/she encountered with family members and friends/neighbors and others. This is inclusive of such things as life situations as in the parenting style of their parents. The parenting style could be experienced by the child as loving or abusive (Flory et al., 2002).
The combination of these genetic and environmental influences are thought to be the causation of personality disorders. It is very possible that some people may have genes that make them vulnerable to the development Antisocial Personality Disorders. The triggers for the development of the disorders is their life situations (Flory et al., 2002).
There is a possible link between an early lack of empathy, understanding the perspectives and problems of others and this includes other children and the later onset of the disorder. What may improve the long term outcome is early identification of these personality problems. The precise causation of an Antisocial Personality Disorder is unknown but certain factors is thought to increase triggering and the development thereof (Flory et al., 2002).
Individuals with personality disorders are highly prevalent for substance abuse. Antisocial Personality Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder are most commonly associated with substance use. About 40% to 50% of individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorders also meet the substances use disorder criteria. Approximately 90% of individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorders have a co-occurring substance use disorder (Messina, Wish, and Nemes, 1999). The belief that Antisocial Personality Disorder are untreatable is continually widely held in the mental health profession (Veheul, Herbink, 2007). Because of symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder, individuals with the disorder are many times excluded from substance abuse treatment programs. Just as individuals with substance abuse use disorders are many times excluded from personality pathology treated due to their often disruptive and cooperative character (Messina et al., 1999).
Often times people with antisocial personality disorders and have substance use disorders are many times told to leave treatment until they have stopped using or have a certain time period of abstinent from use (Messina, et al., 1999). People with Axis II disorders are highly prevalent for substance abuse. Within the Axis II diagnosis there exist a range of 44% of those who abuse alcohol and 79% of those who abuse opiates, and the most prevalent Axis diagnosis is Antisocial Personality Disorder (Verheul, et al., 2005).
There has been indicated through twin studies a possible genetic factor linking antisocial behavior and substance use disorders (Krueger, Hicks, Patrick, Carlson, Iacono, & McGue, 2002). It is believed that antisocial behavior and substance dependence may be traced...