Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern related to the increase in resistance to antibiotic therapy and the decreased rate of production of antibiotics. One of the major concerns to healthcare prescribers is to avoid the use of over prescribing, unnecessary use of antibiotics, and maintaining the high degree of satisfaction among patients. It is stated in the article read by Aziz in an interview with the Chief Medical Officer, antibiotic resistance as a “ticking time bomb” and ranked it along with terrorism on a list of threats to the nation (Aziz, 2013). As the author continues to address the outcomes of antibiotic resistance, our roles as health care professionals, prescribers, and prevention strategies to reduce, prevent, and correct measures that need to take place towards antibiotic resistance.
Antibiotics have several different ways in which they work to prevent the growth and production rate of bacteria from growing. Cell wall disruption, interruption in protein synthesis, interference with DNA synthesis, and prevention to outer cell wall function. It is important for health care prescribers/professionals’ knowledge in antibiotic therapy and its role of the cellular response in choosing the right antibiotics for different strains of bacteria.
So what does antibiotic resistance really mean? According to Aziz’s article on antibiotic resistance, it is the ability of a bacterial cell to resist the harmful effects of a chosen antibiotic (Aziz, 2013). There are four systems that interfere with antibiotic therapy. Prevention system, destroying system, association system, and pumping system. All of these systems prevents the antibiotic from working. The misuse of antibiotics is the biggest concern of antibiotic resistance. Hospitals have shown an over use in antibiotic therapy and measures needed to be implemented to reduce the incidences. Clinical prescribing has lesser rates of over usage however, it still remains a concern to the community because of the decrease in prescribing of antibiotics for conditions such as common colds, rashes, and other related viral infections.
Education should be delivered to the public to assist with decreasing the rate of antibiotic resistance and promote preventative measures towards best practice acts. Strategic planning is imperative for all hospitals, clinics, and ambulatory agencies in addressing this universal problem. Reducing the amount of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is imperative. Better hygiene practices, decreasing the amount of prescribing antibiotics, and only prescribing antibiotics for the need at hand. These measures are needed to be recognized and controlled in order to decrease the rate of bacterial resistance to antibiotic therapy. Antibiotic resistance infections include MRSA, Streptococcus pneumonia, and klebsiella pneumonia that are examples of increasing bacterial resistant infections.
In conclusion, antibiotic resistance is a national concern and will require the...