Antisocial Personality Disorder is a personality disorder that is both easily diagnosed and can be potentially dangerous depending on severity. It is a disorder in which the person with the disorder does not feel empathy and can have the ability to manipulate others (Long, Philip W, 2011). Is this disorder treatable? Can it be diagnosed in children? What are the symptoms of this disorder? What are the dangers of this disorder? What causes one to develop this disorder? These are a few questions that I hope to address in this paper.
What is antisocial personality disorder? It is a disorder in which a person feels no empathy and does not have a sense of what is right or wrong (Long, Phillip W, 2011). Some of the symptoms of this disorder include the disregard for right and wrong, chronic lying, the use of charm with the intent to manipulate another person, problems with the law, child abuse, continuously violating rights of others, use of intimidation, violent behavior, no remorse, being impulsive, agitation, inability to maintain relationships, and irresponsibility (Mayo Clinic, 2010). With these symptoms a person could be almost capable of anything and may not even feel that they have done something wrong. Those with this disorder may even view themselves as superior to others (Health Tree, 2010). The symptoms for a person with the disorder to be labeled as a psychopath are a little different. How is this disorder diagnosed?
Diagnosing this disorder can be easy, however the difficulty lies in getting the person with the disorder to seek help (Health Tree, 2010). Also there needs to be a history conduct disorder in childhood and must be at least 18 in order to be diagnosed and the individual must also have at least 3 of the symptoms of the disorder (Long, Phillip W, 2011). There are also some tests that are used in the diagnosis. It seems as though diagnosis comes from both interviews of the individual and the history of the individual. There is also a check list used when diagnosing this disorder known as the PCL-R that was created by Robert D Hare in 1991(Long, Phillip W, 2010). On this checklist there is a score given ranging from 0 to 20, and this tells a psychologist or psychiatrist the severity of the disorder in the individual (Meloy, J Reid, 2007). On this scale the range of 0-2 generally means a person does not have antisocial personality disorder, but the range of 10-19 indicates the disorder in a mild form, the range of 20-29 indicates the moderate form of psychopathy, and the score of 30 indicates the individual has sever psychopathy (Meloy, J Reid, 2007). What are the statistics of those diagnosed?
Some of the statistics are fairly interesting. About 80 to 85% of those who are incarcerated have antisocial personality disorder and 20% of those are considered to be psychopaths or sociopaths, and not all those who have antisocial personality disorder are sociopaths (Long, Phillip W, 2011). Also it is believed that 3.6% of the US...