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Antisocial Personality Theory Vs. Social Structure Theory

1619 words - 6 pages

Criminology is the scientific study of knowledge in which crime is considered as a social happening. The study of Criminology includes the ways and methods of breaking laws, making laws and social/media/cultural reactions of the society to crime. There have been many theories as to why people commit crime, no one can decide on just one theory to explain this. Two popular theories as to why people commit crime are antisocial personality theory and social structure theory. The aspects behind these theories make the most reliable sense as to why people commit the crimes that they do.
Antisocial personality theory is a combination of traits, such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, hedonism, and inability to empathize with others, that make a person prone to deviant behavior and violence; also referred to as sociopathic or psychopathic. Many studies have been done and there is much evidence that people with an antisocial personality disorder are more likely to commit crime, when in frustrating events they act with negative emotions, feel stressed and harassed, and are adversarial in their interpersonal relationships. People with antisocial personality disorder tend to have weak personal constraints and have a hard time controlling impulsive behavior urges. There are many factors that people believe contribute to people developing a criminal personality. In the book, it states that some of the factors are related to improper socialization, such as having a psychopathic parent, experiencing parental rejection and the lack of love received during childhood, and also inconsistent discipline. Some psychologists think that the cause of antisocial personality is brain dysfunction or possibly neurological issues. “They suspect that psychopaths suffer from a low level of arousal as measured by the activity of their autonomic nervous system” (Siegel). It is stated that psychopaths are thrill seekers that engage in high-risk antisocial behavior just to raise their neurological arousal level.
Psychopaths possibly have brain abnormalities which cause them to process emotions much differently than someone that is not a psychopath. With considering these personality traits, it is not shocking that researchers have shown that people diagnosed as a psychopath are more likely to engage in criminal and also violent behavior compared to people consider non psychopathic. It is known that psychopaths keep going on with their criminal careers long after others have aged out of their criminal behavior. Psychopaths are continuously in trouble and are more likely to end up in the penal institutions. Once these prisoners are released, they are three times more likely to re offend in a year and four more times likely to re offend violently, compared to non psychopaths.
Antisocial personality disorder is highly unresponsive to any form of treatment, main reason why is because people that have ASPD rarely ever seek treatment on their own. If an individual does decide to seek...

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