This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Antoine Henri De Jomini Vs Carl Von Clausewitz

2936 words - 12 pages

It is interesting and even surprising that the two major strategies regarding war were developed by European contemporaries of the late eighteenth and nineteenth century. Antoine Henri de Jomini (1779-1869) approached his philosophy of war in a structured, scientific manner. Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) took a more fluid, open-ended approach to his philosophy of war. The fact that they lived during the same time period in Europe is also fascinating in that they likely knew of each others’ writings as well as potentially influenced and were influenced by the philosophy of the other. Jomini’s scientific approach is more applicable to the tactical and operational levels of war while Clausewitz approaches war as more of an art or interaction between people that is more appropriate to the strategic and political levels of war. Although their two war strategies are presented as opposing strategies, by comparing concepts from each of the theorists to the other theorist’s work shows that they are actually more complementary than competing in that they are addressing different levels of war. The concepts to be evaluated are Clausewitz’s “Trinity of War”, “war as a continuation of politics”, and the “unpredictability of war” as well as Jomini’s definition of strategy and his “Fundamental Principle of War”.

The first concept is Clausewitz’s Trinity of War which is comprised of “…three categories of forces: irrational forces…; non-rational forces…; and reason or rational calculation…” [Bassford, pg 205]. The irrational forces are hostility and violence that originate mainly with the people and are the impetus of a political solution that may result in war. The non-rational forces refer to chance and probability which are primarily addressed by the military and its leadership during war through their knowledge, skills and experience in the profession of arms. The rational forces are the careful planning and sound judgment whereby the government translates the people’s hostility and violence into political objectives that ultimately may be pursued through war. He describes war as a phenomenon that occurs between the three types of forces mentioned above. However, it is unpredictable because of the ever-changing amount of influence exerted by these forces at any given time.

Jomini hints at an interrelationship between the people, the military and the government in Article XII of his Summary of the Art of War, “As the excited passions of a people are… a powerful enemy, both the general and his government should… allay them. We have nothing more to add to what has been said on this point…” [Jomini, pg 129]. However, he doesn’t go on to explore the relationship between these entities or any other higher level factors that influence the conduct of war. It seems like an incomplete thought that was placed in the section entitled Other Causes which Exercise an Influence upon the Success of a War without more of an explanation. Earlier in Chapter 1,...

Find Another Essay On Antoine Henri de Jomini vs Carl von Clausewitz

The United States' Military Strategy Essay

3048 words - 12 pages , in other words, must eventually lead to a wise political end. Modern Coalition Warfare and Irregular Warfare Baron Antoine Henri de Jomini describes considerations for “Statesmanship in its Relation to War.” Under this heading, he then lists the suitable reasons for going to war, necessary for victory [de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War]. It is notable that each and every one of these considerations listed assumes that the war is conducted

Democracies are more likely to win “Total Wars” than totalitarian regimes.’

2177 words - 9 pages The term ‘total war’ has been attributed to a small number of conflicts. The term was originally coined by the German military officer Erich Ludendorff in his book ‘The Total War’. Previous to this the renowned military theorists Carl von Clausewitz and Antoine-Henri Jomini both touched on the raw principles of ‘total war’, but failing to ever recognise the term Ludendorff went on to fashion. It was not until the 1950s that the term re-emerged

Supply Chain Management: A historical perspective

884 words - 4 pages Contrary to appearances that logistics and supply chain management are byproducts of the industrial era, the earliest recorded reference dates back to the 1830’s. In his book The Art of War, Napoleon Bonaparte staff officer Baron Antoine-Henri Jomini defines logistics by its value to the French military. (Rogers, 2004) Named after the French military title major général des logìs, De Jomini defines logistics responsibilities for establishing

Clausewitz's "On War": Useful Insights for Twenty-First Century Warfare

1386 words - 6 pages Amongst military theorists and practitioners who studied war, its origin and implications, Carl von Clausewitz assumes a place among the most prominent figures. With his book On War, he demonstrated his capability to provide thorough historical analysis of the conflicts he experienced, and as a philosopher he reflected on war itself. Today, Western armies conduct warfare in a dynamic environment composed of multiple threats in which civilians


1538 words - 6 pages victory in this sense, at the lowest costs, then Sun Tzu may be the more appropriate guide. Bibliography: Bibliography 1. Clausewitz, Carl Von. On War. New Jersey. Princeton University Press, 1976. 2. Handel, Michael I. Masters of War. Classical Strategic Thought. London. Frank Cass and Company, 1992. 3. Sun Tzu. The Art of War. London. Oxford University Press, 1963.

To what extent has On War rendered nuclear weapons irrelevant - politics - essay

2945 words - 12 pages To what extent have nuclear weapons rendered On War irrelevant? Introduction Prussian general, Carl Von Clausewitz’s doctrine ‘On War’ was first published in 1832 and yet scholars today argue ‘Clausewitz’s theory of war is as timeless as the phenomenon of war’ (ref). Thus, despite the development of nuclear weaponry, Clausewitzian thought remains relevant and hence, timeless. However, 113 years after Clausewitz published his work came the first


3792 words - 15 pages enriquecerse?" "¿haremos pues la guerra en pos de esto?" "Hemos descubierto nosotros el origen de este azote, que cuando descarga, acarrea funestos males a los estados y a los particulares."SócratesAdemás, parece posible tratar de clasificar, muy en general, las teorías en dos grandes divisiones: la que ve la guerra como producto racional de ciertas condiciones, primariamente condiciones políticas ( Carl von Clausewitz

It is a combined effort of compare/contrast Sun Tzu and Carl von Clausewitz's philosophies and how they apply to America's current War on Terrorism stance

6734 words - 27 pages through pacification and espionage falters, the most logical choice to flesh out these simple ideals is Carl von Clausewitz's On War. Once a nation has been brought to the brink of war, von Clausewitz hammers out an 'in the trenches' approach that is the epitome of blending the strategy of political goals and their impact on military objectives.It is the latter instance that America currently finds itself in, and it is with the utmost adherence to a

Analysis Of Clausewitz's Interrelationship Between

1032 words - 4 pages Carl von Clausewitz is widely acknowledged as the most important of the major strategic theorists.This essay will attempt to analyze Clausewitz's interrelationship between "political object" and that of "military object", and how these concepts fit into his general ideas on war as outlined in Book One of On War.Before getting into the theoretical meanings of "political object" and that of "military object" I find it helpful to review the

What are the Key Elements That Comprise the Nouvelle Vague?

2807 words - 11 pages would often visit the cinema, Wiegand states (2001,p16) “As an indication of the extent of cinematic references in the films, it is extraordinary to see just how many characters go to the cinema themselves. The films are littered with trips to the movies.” Example of visits to the cinema in New Wave films include in Godard’s Vivre Sa Vie (1962) were the protagonist Nana (Anna Karina) cries while watching Carl Theodor Dreyer’s La Passion De Jeanne

german expresionism

1060 words - 4 pages nada de mí.Nunca me calentó el sol.Llevé mi dolor a las piedrasy aguardé felicidad de las bestias.Albert Ehrenstein (1886-1950)Las principales películas de este estilo fueron cronológicamente (subrayamos las genuinamente expresionistas):EL ESTUDIANTE DE PRAGA(Der student von Prag) 1913 -1ª Versiónde STELLAN RYE.EL GOLEM(Der Golem) 1914 -1ª Versiónde PAUL WEGENER y HENRIK GALEEN.HOM

Similar Essays

Carl Von Clausewitz Essay

1135 words - 5 pages Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz was born June 1, 1780 in Burg bei Magdeburg, Prussia. Drawing from influences such as his professor of theology grandfather as well as philosopher Immanuel Kant, Clausewitz is regarded as a very experienced military strategist and the father of war philosophy. Due to my Army ROTC commitment and future career path, I chose him to suit my interests and aspirations. He grew up as the youngest son of a middle

Carl Von Clausewitz Essay

2326 words - 9 pages Question 6: Clausewitz wrote “in war the result is never final.” Under what conditions and through what actions can belligerents make their victory more permanent? Carl Von Clausewitz theorized that “in war the result is never final” and that “the defeated state often considers the outcome as a transitory evil…” (Clausewitz, 80) There are many examples that support his theory that defeated belligerents will wait for another opportunity to

General Carl Von Clausewitz: A Past Military Enthusiast That Contributed To The Ideals Of The Present

1055 words - 4 pages . Past philosophers, theorists, idealists have all been responsible for having an immense affect on today’s military leaders. By learning from the earlier ideas of military philosophy, the decisions made in today’s chaotic warfare are strengthened. General Carl von Clausewitz is such a past military enthusiast that contributed to the ideals of the present. Carl von Clausewitz was born in 1780 at Burg. He eventually entered the Prussian Army in

Lessons To Be Learned From The Study Of Warfare

1457 words - 6 pages irregular wars demand frequent deployments that put a strain on military units almost to the brink of their culmination point. History shows that tenacity is a virtue especially when reviewing the military careers of Antoine de Jomini and Carl von Clausewitz. Both men, well known military theorists, spent the sum total of their careers in quest of the highest ranks of military service. Jomini’s tenacity mainly driven, perhaps, by his personal