Anton Chekhov’s Use Of Characterization In His Short Stories

831 words - 4 pages

Anton Chekhov is a Russian writer; he writes short stories. In his short stories he relies on characterization to make his points about a character in few words. Some believe that since no build up of exciting events happen his stories are meaningless. However, Chekhov’s stories are thought by others to be enjoyable. While others think they’re a waste of time to read due to the lack of events happening; I think Chekhov focusing on characters emotions and what they say is much more important. In other words Chekhov primarily uses internal drama rather than external drama. Chekhov avoids doing what so many other writers do which is using lots of details describing the environment, what they wore, their life background; instead, he gives the reader just enough detail to picture the character and gets to the point he’s trying to make.
An example of his limited word use occurs in “The Huntsman”. This short story is about an unmarried couple that see each other again years later. The unmarried couple is Yegor Vlassitch and Pelagea; they’re complete opposites. Pelagea is a peasant; meanwhile, Yegor is a hunter that can’t be tied down. When Pelagea sees Yegor she “(springs) out of the earth…and smiles diffidently as soon as she sees the huntsman” (Chekhov 1). The phrase “a happy couple" wouldn’t be an accurate way to describe the two. Regardless, Pelagea loves him very much, so much that she’s delighted when she sees him, “I (haven’t) seen you since… you came…and (you) beat me… (I’ve) been waiting” (Chekhov 1). Despite the fact that he treats her badly, she doesn’t want him to leave again. Meanwhile, the huntsman is in a hurry to leave but before leaving he says he “shall never come (back) sober” (Chekhov 3). Unlike the one sided love in “The Huntsman,” Varya and Sasha, in “Country Cottage” feel that “it all seems like a dream” (Chekhov 5).They’re a typical newlywed married couple that can’t get enough of each other; until, family relatives stop by uninvited and the smiles disappear. Varya and Sasha don’t want to be around one another which is the same way the hunter feels towards Pelagea. I think that age played an important role in their happiness. Maybe once they reach the huntsman’s age they too will lose their spark.
Chekhov focuses on the hunter rather than Pelagea. The huntsman’s...

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