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Antonio Gaudi The Master Of Architecture

547 words - 3 pages

Antonio Gaudi - the Master of Architecture.Leading the Spanish Modernist movement, Antoni Gaudi has been classified with Gothicism and Surrealism, however, in reality there is no word except Gaudiism. He was influenced by Oriental styles, nature, sculpture, and a desire to go beyond anything that had ever been done before. Most of Gaudi's buildings are in Barcelona and reflect his strong Catalan nationalism.The son of a coppersmith, Antonio Gaudi was born in Reus, Spain in 1852. He studied at the Escola Superior d'Arquitectura in Barcelona and designed his first major commission for the Casa Vincens in Barcelona using a Gothic Revival style that set a precedent for his future work.In addition, stricken with a rheumatic problem that made walking painful, young ...view middle of the document...

Far ahead of his time, only a small portion of the project was actually built, but Gaudi's name became well known.In 1882, Gaudi began work on his greatest project, the Sagrada Familia church, taking over from Francisco de Paula del Villar. For nearly 30 years, Gaudi worked on Sagrada Familia and other projects simultaneously, until 1911, when he decided to devote himself exclusively to the church. During the last year of his life, Gaudi lived in his studio at Sagrada Familia.Tragically, in June, 1926, Gaudi was run over by a tram. Because he was poorly dressed, he was not recognized and taxi drivers refused to take a "vagabond" to the hospital (they were later fined by the police). Gaudi died five days later, and was buried in the crypt of the building to which he had devoted 44 years of his life, the as-yet unfinished Sagrada Familia.Over the course of his career, Gaudi developed a sensuous, curving, almost surreal design style which established him as the innovative leader of the Spanish Art Nouveau movement. With little regard for formal order, he juxtaposed unrelated systems and altered established visual order. Gaudi's characteristically warped form of Gothic architecture drew admiration from other avant-garde artists.During Gaudi's lifetime, official organizations rarely recognized his talent. The City of Barcelona unsuccessfully often tried to stop or limit Gaudi's work because it exceeded city regulations, and the only project the City ever assigned him was that of designing streetlights. He received the Building of the Year award for his least impressive building, Casa Calvet. Gaudi created an entirely original style. His works express a truly organic quality, growing and molded shapes complete with sinuous forms of stonework and colorful tile mosaics.One word: Master!

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