Antrhopology's Importance To Poverty Alleviation Essay

964 words - 4 pages

Anthropology is the study of what makes us distinctively human, including culture. Culture is the system of human behaviors that is shared, patterned, learned, symbolic, and adaptive. Culture is a unique human capacity, which every society has but varies considerably across them. Culture comprises the myriad possible ways that human societies allow individuals address (and allow them to fulfill) their biological needs. As such, culture demonstrates how nothing human is ever 100% biological and hence is affected by context. The job of an anthropologist is to understand how different elements of a culture complement each other and create a cohesive worldview. Because of anthropologists’ capacity to examine the cultural lens of a society, their presence can ensure that the development project has the highest likelihood of success within the unique cultural context of its implementation.
Anthropologists look at modes of organization and frames of meaning to carefully construct a cohesive cosmology for the culture they are studying. Modes of organization refer to the ways in which human societies are constructed and the composition of its social role relationships. This could include studies of political, family, and economic structure – and how these interactions influence each other. This is particularly important for poverty alleviation efforts because, as Paul Farmer points out in Anthropology of Structural Violence, economic, social, and political systems of oppression and inequality reinforce each other. As a result, mitigating only one aspect of inequality or suffering is insufficient for improving long-term quality of life overall for the poor. Frames of meaning refer to the ways in which individuals perceive and make sense of their surrounding and society. For example, as Farmer points out, Haitians have perceived their economic and political conditions in the context of extreme poverty and inequality, of hierarchical and oppressive systems. Their frame of meaning is related to a pervasive acceptance of inequality and suffering as inevitable facts of life, which leads to many of their idiomatic expressions that seem to justify and validate poverty even, including “Hunger is misery; a full stomach is trouble” and the belief that suicide will lead to rebirth as an eternal slave. These elements form the overall cosmology of their lives, which is necessary to understand in order to make sustainable changes to their society.
Since anthropologists focus on culture, they focus on the target population’s perspective in the implementation of development projects. In studying the beneficiaries’ culture, anthropologists gain insight into how the project is perceived by the people it is supposed to help and can therefore identify how to make it popular among them. In other words, anthropologists can see how the project will (or won’t, as the case may be) into the society’s cultural context and anticipate how it will be viewed in terms...

Find Another Essay On Antrhopology's Importance to Poverty Alleviation

Anthro Shizz is Blahhh Essay

2211 words - 9 pages the same way, we can see that the services of a cultural consultant would be helpful in the alleviation of the poverty being faced on this project not only in the short term, but also through time and through strategies and practices that will ensure all parties understand where the others are coming from. Even with the best intentions, it would be equally as impossible to treat the poverty in our project, as it was to treat Lia in The Spirit

MFIs Essay

686 words - 3 pages potential impacts of micro-credit programs on poverty alleviation. Some people might argue that the level of extreme poverty has hardly changed over time in rural areas. For instance, widespread poverty and malnutrition continue to exist in Bangladesh In 1997, poverty alleviation remains controversial. Despite these controversies, I find that the micro credit programs have had a positive impact on household welfare in a number of ways. The quantity

Urban Poverty Around The World From My View

1573 words - 7 pages regions. Rural populations move to urban regions, despite initiatives and development to benefit rural regions. Although the rapid growth of urbanisation in developing countries has numerous negative impacts, but it also presents to us new opportunities for development, political, economic and for poverty alleviation. There are a variety of key links between economic expansion in rural areas and economic development in urban areas. Beneficial

Child Poverty

974 words - 4 pages ;Together with these social welfare programmes, several poverty alleviation programmes were set up which are as follows:-Trust Fund for the Social Integration of Vulnerable Group (2001) set up in view of addressing the need of the poor people who are excluded from the main stream of socio-economic developmentA Nou Dboute Ensam (1999) aims at promoting subsidies and micro credit schemes to the vulnerable groups.IFAD, Community Development Programme

Women Empowerment

8020 words - 32 pages Women's Empowerment: Ways Forward in Micro-finance' published by Samskriti New Delhi. This contains the other papers to which this article refers. For details of how to obtain the book, please contact the author at or the publisher: M.Sengupta INTRODUCTION Micro-finance programmes targeting women became a major plank of donor poverty alleviation and gender strategies in the 1990s

Women Empowerment

8020 words - 32 pages Women's Empowerment: Ways Forward in Micro-finance' published by Samskriti New Delhi. This contains the other papers to which this article refers. For details of how to obtain the book, please contact the author at or the publisher: M.Sengupta INTRODUCTION Micro-finance programmes targeting women became a major plank of donor poverty alleviation and gender strategies in the 1990s

Developing the Third World

2218 words - 9 pages services offered by microfinance have the ability to promote economic development in poverty stricken families in the ‘third world’. Microfinance can be seen to promote the development of the third world through the alleviation of poverty, empowerment of women and increase their involvement in their economy. The mass momentum achieved by microcredit as a development strategy has cause discussion about its effectiveness in promoting development


1512 words - 7 pages support the sustainable livelihood approach is the Department for International Development whose main goal is to reduce poverty and maintain development (Carney, 1998, p. 4). The approach for sustainable livelihood looks at long term solutions on how to reduce poverty in the best interest of those who desire sustainable living and poverty alleviation under the terms mentioned above. The approach should be from an analytical perspective in order to

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) from the World Bank

3714 words - 15 pages PRSPs approach which focuses on the impacts of the poor is not entirely new for the World Bank, it has been moved to a position of upmost importance in the late 1990’s (Levisohn pg 16). When focusing on economic growth most often the term used is “pro-poor growth” but poverty is also being viewed from a multidimensional approach. This includes looking into social exclusion, vulnerability, powerlessness and other political and social understandings

Informal Economy and Poverty Alleviation

1666 words - 7 pages Subject area Any sovereign state is to some extent concerned about the existence of informality in its economy. Although the subject of informal economy is broadly presented in interdisciplinary research, it remains understudied, especially from an entrepreneurship perspective in developing context (Castro, Khavul, & Bruton, 2014). At the same time the problem of poverty alleviation is particularly up-to-date in the light of millennium

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) In an Organization

2051 words - 8 pages compliance, multinational corporations are also socially expected to promote the general welfare of the society it functions through philanthropic practices, contributions to health and education, disaster preparedness and responses, and poverty alleviation since “companies cannot succeed in societies that fail” (Slater, Thanatrakolsri & Wokeck, 2013, p. 1). Finally, there are too many areas that ethical dilemma could occur and it is insufficient

Similar Essays

Impact Of Poor Governance And Income Inequality On Poverty In Pakistan

1657 words - 7 pages measures of good economic governance, was a mixture signifying deterioration and downfall in 1990s. He recommended that economic management and governance in Pakistan has to be excellent if Pakistan has to achieve above average economic growth and reduced poverty levels. Sumarto, Suryahadi and Arifianto (2004) empirically examined the impact of bad governance on poverty alleviation in Indonesia. Their study showed that the poor are thoroughly

Nonincome Poverty Essay

1590 words - 6 pages , underestimating the importance of household wealth, skills, and opportunities to overall economic health. While considerable literature suggests various ways to measure nonincome poverty (for example, material hardship, social deprivation, isolation, civil conflict), no single variable yields a complete picture.In the United States, where the official poverty measure is strictly linked to income, other factors associated with hardship suggest that the

Poverty Reduction And Conservation Practice Essay

1934 words - 8 pages , regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on earth”. In addition, Goal 1 target 1A of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) aims to “halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day” while target 7B, to “reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss” was specifically included since 2006 in Goal 7 (ensure

How Can Local Governments Be Catalysts For Pro – Poor Economic Development?

1822 words - 7 pages respond to popular pressures to influence the direction of growth, and implement local development strategies to increase local employment and welfare (Global Forum on Local Development: 2010).PROBLEM STATEMENTHigh levels of poverty in South Africa continue to be a cause of concern. Current interventions and programmes aimed at reducing poverty levels in the country have had very limited impact on poverty alleviation. According to Leatt, Rosa and Hall