Antropologia E Historia Essay

2159 words - 9 pages

AEC 2 - ANTROPOLOGÍA E HISTORIA.
ISMAEL VÉLEZ 1
Análisis sobre el texto de Antonio Morales Moya.
- Antonio Morales nos cuenta como Caro Baroja determina que la visión de la
Historia esta filtrada desde el punto de vista de quien la escribe.
Caro Baroja es una persona que describe siglo XX de un modo condescendiente, por
encima de los graves hechos ocurridos en dicho siglo. Criticaba tanto el poder
devastador del capitalismo como su alternativa marxista.
- En la descripción que Caro Baroja hace de su persona, se descubre a sí mismo
como, curiosamente, algunos antropólogos han definido a la antropología, una rama
del Humanismo. En ...view middle of the document...

ISMAEL VÉLEZ 2
Análisis sobre el texto de Carmelo Lisón Tolosana.
- El autor hace referencia al hecho de que un artículo que ha sido de uso corriente en un momento dado de la historia, si se saca de su escenario natural y se coloca en la
vitrina de un museo o similar, adquiere un significado diferente del que tenía.
"…adquiere un más complejo significado, concretamente una denotación estética especial,…".
- Desde otro punto de vista, Lisón Tolosana, también nos hace ver que una obra o una fotografía nos puede transportar a un lugar y cultura diferente en el espacio y el
tiempo. Y, a través de dicha obra, podemos experimentar parte del momento
descrito en ella. El autor apoya esta idea invitando al lector a participar en un
ejemplo práctico, tomando como modelo el retrato ecuestre del conde - duque de Olivares, pintado por Velázquez.
- Insiste, Lisón Tolosana, en alabar las cualidades pictóricas de Velázquez (Su singularidad empática visiva le permitía captar el fenómeno óptico del sujeto en su
esencialidad) a través de alusiones a escritos de distintos autores.
- El texto describe el cuadro relacionando la pintura con el personaje que en esta aparece y haciendo una retrospectiva de la situación en ese momento de la Historia.
Justo una de las facetas de la antropología, ¿no? Curioso cuanto menos.
- Como apreciación personal creo que el autor desarrolla toda una teoría en torno al cuadro y divaga entre lo histórico y lo místico (excursus de bravura simbólica). Y
pienso que aunque hace un trabajo muy elaborado de rigor histórico, obviamente se
debe ser muy buen conocedor del momento histórico y echarle bastante
imaginación.

AEC 2 - ANTROPOLOGÍA E HISTORIA.
ISMAEL VÉLEZ 3
¿Cómo puede la Historia ayudar al antropólogo y viceversa?
- Hablando de la relación Antropología e Historia, algunos antropólogos consideran a
la antropología como una rama de la historia. Pero debemos tener claro que,
mientras que el ser humano nace de forma natural, la vida social no es producto de
la naturaleza. Obviamente el campo social difiere, ampliamente, del ámbito
biológico.
- Es cierto que la naturaleza humana lleva implícito que los seres humanos vivan en
grupos unidos, pero dicha naturaleza no decide qué comer y cómo comer, qué
vestido ponerse y cómo se va a poner, cuántas veces y cómo casarse, en definitiva
cual es el punto de vista de cada ser humano con respecto a la naturaleza de las
cosas. En otras palabras, la cultura de una sociedad en particular no es producto de
la naturaleza humana.
- La estructura de la sociedad no tiene ninguna orden natural como el de la estructura
del sistema solar o el...

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