Anwar Sadat: The Totalitarian System Essay

1535 words - 6 pages

Zachary JörinMr. EmeryHonors Humanities 919 March 2014The Assassination of a Beloved President: Anwar SadatThe dictionary defines assassination as: the killing of somebody, especially a political leader or public figure, by a sudden violent attack. The death of Anwar Sadat fits ideally into this category; not only was he an important political leader, but someone who was loved by his own country of Egypt and his bereavement took the nation by shock and left them in a politically unstable 'environment'. Following; the face of the government was forced to become politically independent by changing their system. Sadat's murder left the people in a state of worry. A worry about what would happen to their country. The death of Anwar Sadat raised many questions about the direction the nation would take in the upcoming years.Anwar Sadat was the third President of Egypt- elected on October 15 of 1970. He was, politically, an outstanding world leader during his time and was loved by many citizens not just in Egypt but in other cities, and countries. Sadat gained the trust and support of many because of the actions he took and the morals he possessed. Sadat's main motives during his campaign were to create an economically stable country and bring peace between Egypt and its longtime foe, Israel. He was a strong and independent leader who was capable of succeeding in many things and this was apparent when he earned the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize for entering into peace agreements with Israel (Arthur. 81). His acceptance of the prize earned him much respect further more making him a strong leader.The four military men that ended up assassinating him became a crucial part in the end of his life. These four men were part of a known terrorist organization known as Al Gamaa al-Islamiyya, a group that tried to launch an Islamic revolution in the mid 1980's. The leader of the group was Aboud El Zomor. Zomor thought Sadat was incapable of getting Egypt out of the debt cycle and into a state of security. As Zomor stated in his interview 30 years after Sadat's murder, he said "The idea was just to change and provide an alternative leader who could save Egypt from a crisis of the political dead-end we lived in then" (CNN).The assassination took place on October 6, 1981 in Cairo Egypt during a parade commemorating the 1973 war against Israel and honoring the people who served. It was said that "The president thought the killers were part of the show when they approached the stands firing, so he stood saluting them," and that was when three of the men started firing openly into the crowd and one of them directly at Anwar Sadat (NY Times). It was said that a "correspondent saw one assailant, a stocky, dark-haired man, standing in a half crouch, firing a rifle into the stand used by Mr. Sadat, who was wearing black leather boots and military attire crossed by a green sash" (NY Times). The people in the stands, along with Sadat's guards, were said to have all evacuated...

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