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Anwser To Five Essay

717 words - 3 pages

Religion has impacted art again and again across the span of ages. In the 16th century there were no two more guilty parties for impacting European art than the Reformation and Counter Reformation. This can be seen quite plainly in Albrecht Altdorfer’s Landscape (1526-8) and El Greco’s Burial of Count Orgaz as each finds its philosophical underpinnings inspired by one or the other and with that notes the split between northern and southern Europe.
For Altdorfer, a German painter of the north, the Reformation is the victorious influence. The Reformation is marked by Martin Luther and his 95 Theses, posted in October of 1517, criticizing the Catholic Church creating thus a schism within ...view middle of the document...

However, without the mass amounts of money from the church for a commission, this created a shift to smaller scale images created with less expensive mediums. In the case of Albrecht’s Landscape (1526-8), it possesses no religious qualities and simple depicts exactly as its title describes—a landscape—and is a mere 12 x 8 ½ inches.
The Counter Reformation on the other hand reaffirmed Catholic beliefs. The Council of Trent was initiated by the pope in 1545 and so in a large group, Catholic church officials discredited the 95 Theses. With the Counter Reformation came the discussion of art as a tool used to inspire strong religious passion and not as an item to worship. As a result, in the south, artists continued to create religious imagery such is the case for El Greco’s Burial of Count Orgaz.
This painting depicts an earthly scene of an entombment; the figures on earth take up the lowest third of the painting—whereas above them is the world of the spiritual. The importance of the spiritual, the heavenly realm...

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