The introduction of this article provides me with a meaning of the significance of the problem issues with anxiety. This issue being talked about in this journal is how fear and anxiety can negatively affect a client taking chemotherapy. The sources then go on to express that relaxation techniques can be used to reduce a client’s anxiety level; however, these techniques existence in the present practice, which are expensive and demands for nursing care time for the patients. The introduction ends with the problem statement. While the sources do a suitable job of saying why the problem is vital, it would be beneficial for them to list numbers of people who are affected by cancer and who are enduring chemotherapy. The authors also do not explain whether or not the problem is true for anybody with cancer who is receiving chemotherapy or if it is only true for single subsets of patients (Sabo & Michael, 1996).
The purpose of this review was to assess the advantage of an intervention that did not demand overtime commitments from staff, patient or administration by a trained expert. The research did not accompanied by a significant add to expense. While the authors do list a reason for the study they do not have a well defined problem. The researcher can tell that a message from the physician would be valuable, but they do not reveal how it would be helpful. The author does not point out that the other variable, which was the testing of using music. The problem is major and pertinent because the researchers are looking at a time and in effect way to reduced anxiety and stress in patients enduring chemotherapy. The unfavorable disagreement of this study was that having a personalized message directly from the physician would be good for the patient.
Review of Literature
The literature review that was done by the authors was brief and seems to not omit any important efforts that were finished in the time period the journal written. The authors give details why their research is vital and how it can be used to increase the nursing knowledge base. The authors maintain that their study will give validity to a nursing intervention that is cost effective and needs little training. The conceptual model for this study was Neuman’s Systems Model, which conceptualizes the individual as a core, which is protected by three circles, which function at various levels to protect the core from stressors (Sabo & Michael, 1996). In this study the stressor is chemotherapy and the interventions which are used to reduce the stressor by using music and a personalized message from the physician.
There were several key concepts that were recognize in this literature review, but they were never defined. The ideas included relaxation, guide imagery, music therapy, and side effects of chemotherapy. The authors illustrated how preceding research used these concepts to sustain their work; however, these ideas are never fully explained. The authors seriously reviewed the...