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Anxiety Disorders And Clinical Concepts. Essay

3152 words - 13 pages

Adult PsychopathologyAssignment 1:Anxiety Disorders and clinical concepts.AbstractThis essay focuses on the diverse types of anxiety disorders and the symptoms associated with them. How cognitive- behavioral and family systems perspective shows a development in the clients PDA. It discusses the main clinical goals in assessing a patient that has presented problem, the clinical process involved including the clinical interview for gathering information and the various examinations and tests used in order to diagnose the patient with anxiety disorder, namely panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA). An ethical issues that may have occurred during the full assessment of the client has been detect. Information on the effect gender has on a patient diagnosed with PDA, and what these effects this diagnostic label may have on the patient, both positive and negative. Lastly, it touches on how a different ethnic and cultural background can affect assessment.IntroductionEvery so often people experience fear and anxiety. Fear is an emotional, physical and behavioural reaction to an immediately recognizable threat. Anxiety is an unpleasant emotional state of nervousness and occurs in a wide range of physical and mental disorders and is the major symptom in a lot of them. It can have a huge affect an individual's life and interrupt with their ability to cope with and live an enjoyable life. These anxiety disorders include: Panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA), posttraumatic stress disorder (PSD), obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) and generalised anxiety disorder (GAD).What are the indicators in the case study as outlined of each of the following anxiety disorders?Individuals with panic disorder with agoraphobia experience rigorous, unexpected panic attacks and think they are losing control or even dying. As they are not certain when an attack may happen they develop agoraphobia, fear and avoidance of locations and situations in which they feel unsafe in the result of a panic attack (Berrios, 1999). Indicators of these symptoms are shown in the cast study by Melanie as she has become increasingly housebound over the past few weeks and barley left her bedroom. She also experiences anxiety when she leaves the flat.The DSM-IV criteria shows that difficulty sleeping and recurring intrusive dreams of an event are important characteristics of posttraumatic stress disorder(Berrios, 1999). Indicators that reflect this in the case study by are Melanie's difficulty sleeping because she is unable to turn her mind off and also wakes up at about 2am every night having a bad nightmare. Melanie, dreams of death could be due to the fact of re-experiencing the motor vehicle accident and the death of her sister.Obsessive- compulsive disorder focuses on keeping away from frightening or disturbing thoughts called obsessions and getting rid of these thoughts through the use of ritualistic behaviour (Berrios, 1999). Indicators of Obsessive-compulsive disorder are shown in this...

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