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Anxiety Disorders Essay

1245 words - 5 pages

Everyone worries at times

Anxiety Disorders

Everyone worries at times. Challenges such as workplace pressures, public speaking, highly demanding schedules or writing an exam can lead to a sense of worry, even fear. These sensations, however uncomfortable they may be, are different from the ones associated with an anxiety disorder. People suffering from an anxiety disorder are subject to intense, prolonged feelings of uneasiness, fright, apprehension, and heightened psychological stimulation such as increased heart rate and blood pressure (Goodman, 2007). The condition turns their life into a continuous journey of unease and fear and can interfere with their relationships with family, friends and colleagues (Goodman, 2007). What exactly is an anxiety disorder? It is a group of disorders which affect behaviour, thought, emotional experiences and physical health (Goodman, 2007). It can be caused by a combination of biological and circumstantial factors such as diabetes, or heart disease (Kim, Wu & Zhuo, 2008). It is common for people to suffer from more than one kind of anxiety disorder, and for an anxiety disorder to be accompanied by depression, eating disorders or substance abuse. Studies show that anxiety disorders are more rampant among women than among male, and they affect children as well as adults (Goodman, 2007). Research conducted have estimated that 5 - 20% of all children have been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (Goodman, 2007). Disorders are becoming a leading cause for decreased quality of life worldwide. Studies predict that as many as 25% of adults will suffer from one of the five described forms of anxiety disorders (Kim, Wu & Zhuo, 2008). Five common types of disorder are Panic disorder, Social phobia, Generalized anxiety disorder, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, and Post-traumatic stress disorder (Goodman, 2007). A panic disorder as the name suggests is expressed in panic attacks which occur without warning. Physically, an attack may cause shortness of breath, cheat pain, hot or cold flushes, and numbing sensations, feelings of unreality and fear of dying (Goodman, 2007). A social phobia is when patients experience a paralysing, irrational self-consciousness about social situations. They have an intense fear of being observed or of doing something horribly wrong in front of people. Sometimes feelings are so extreme that it dramatically reduces their ability to lead a normal life (Goodman, 2007). Generalized anxiety disorder is one that lasts at least 6 months, during which time the person is affected by extreme worry. It is characterized by repeated, exaggerated worry about routine life events and activities (Goodman, 2007). Obsessive-Compulsive disorder is a condition in which people suffer from persistent continual unwanted thoughts or compulsions which they find impossible to control. Obsessions could be as simple as doubting, and disturbing sexual or religious thoughts. Compulsions could include washing...

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