Ap World Notes Chapter 16 Notes Ap World History Notes

2101 words - 9 pages

Chapter 16
The World Economy
I. Introduction
A. What are consequences of…
1. Voyages of Columbus
2. Exploration of Europeans
3. Empires built by European conquerors/missionaries
B. Consequences
1. Power shift
2. Redefinition of interchange
D. Patterns of diffusion
1. Classical – developing regional economies/cultures – Medit./China
a. External conflicts existed, but not that important
2. Postclassical Era – contacts increase
a. Missionary religions spread
b. Interregional trade key component of economies – bet. continents
c. Some regions dominated trade – Muslims then Mongols
3. 1450-1750 – Eve of the Early Modern Period
a. New areas of world brought into global community – Americas
b. Rate of global trade increased – Southeast Asia
c. Relationships between groups changed power structure
d. Effects on Europe – dominated trade
1. Changes within Europe
2. Parts of world become dependent on Europe
3. Used New World goods to pay for Old World luxury items
a. Americas > Silver > China
E. Foods
1. 30% of world’s food comes from Americas – potato, corn
a. Corn embraced by Africa – later by Europe
1. Thought spread plague – also not in Bible – is it kosher?
II. The West’s First Outreach: Maritime Power
A. Introduction
1. Western nations unprecedented mastery of oceans
a. Spain, Portugal > Britain, Holland, France
2. Who pushes trade? Princes, clergy, merchants
a. Muslims – superior economy, goods
1. European nobility used to luxury goods
b. Mongols – sped up exchanges
c. Fall of Khans – China a mystery again
3. What were Europe’s disadvantages?
a. Ignorant of world – earth flat? Indigenous warriors
b. Fear of Ottoman Empire
c. Lack of gold to fund
d. Limited distance of small, oar-propelled ships
B. New Technology
1. What were the key technological innovations that helped with trade?
a. deep ships able to carry a lot of armaments/weapons
b. compass
c. mapmaking
d. explosives adapted to gunnery
1. Metallurgy adapted Chinese invention
e. Europe has unprecedented advantage on sea
C. Portugal and Spain Lead the Pack
1. Why Portugal?
a. Western geographic location
b. Rulers
1. Excitement of discovery
a. Could harm Muslim world
b. Could get really rich
c. Henry the Navigator – 1434 – African Coast
d. 1488 – Around Cape of Good Hope
e. 1498 – Vasco de Gama
1. Threatened by Spain – Columbus 1492
2. Four ships + Hindi pilot from Africa > India
3. Brought iron pots, gold for spices
4. Ships threatened, killed Indian merchants
f. Portuguese then hit Brazil, Africa, India, China, Japan
2. Why Spain?
a. Recently freed from Muslim rule
b. Missionary zeal
c. Desire for riches
d. 1492 – Columbus – India/Indies – earth round
1. Mistaken Americas > “Indians”
2. Amerigo Vespucci – realized New World
e. 1521 Magellan rounds Southern tip – heads to Indonesia
f. 16th century – Spanish sent military force to back up American claims
D. Northern European Expeditions
1. End of 16th century – Holland, France, England join game – why?
a. Strong, wealthy monarchies
b. Zealous...


"World War II" Study Notes Essay

1142 words - 5 pages was in order to save lives and Truman had every right to use it.World War II represented an effort at total war by all the belligerents. Never in European or world history had so many men and women and so many resources been devoted to military effort. One result was the carnage that occurred on the battlefields, at sea, and in the air. Another was an unprecedented organization of civilians on the various home fronts. Each domestic effort and

Perspectives - AP US notes and reactions on certain areas of American history

1746 words - 7 pages Immigrants1.Testing ConclusionsI do not agree that America's cultural identity is threatened by massive immigration. America's history was FOUNDED on the basis of immigration. As the waves of immigration throughout the late 1800's and early 1900's changed America, so will the waves of immigration in the modern day era change the face of the nation. Though immigrants settling in particular areas may be a concern, it's nothing unusual. We have Little


4511 words - 19 pages HSC Modern History PART 1 – World War One 1. War on the Western Front The reasons for the stalemate on the Western Front Faults in the Schlieffen Plan · The Schlieffen Plan was Germany’s pre-war (1906) strategy in invading France in the event of an outbreak of war – aggressive and needed speed and surprise · Involved heading north into Belgium, then west to attack France’s fortified chateau’s from the rear · Plan to take Paris in

CIS 100 Word Section 3 Assignment - AP Biology - Notes

766 words - 4 pages 2 JUNEAU, ALASKA Juneau, Alaska’s capital since 1900, sits at the base of Mt. Juneau. This capital blends its history as a mining town with old storefronts and saloons with the modern architecture of government and Native corporations. History In the late 1800s, gold became the foundation of Juneau. The town contained a variety of gold mines with the Alaska-Juneau, or A-J, mine the most successful. The A-J mine buildings are still visible above

Ap Biology notes

1003 words - 4 pages helium. Which atom represents the 18O isotope of oxygen?Answer - b - 8p+; 10n0; 8e-5) The atomic umber of sulfur is 16. Sulfur combines with hydrogen sulfide. Based on the electron configuration of sulfur, we can predict that the molecular formula of the compound will beAnswer - c - H2S.6) Review the valences of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen and then determine which of the following molecules is most likely to exist.Answer - b -7) The

Study Notes for a Western Civilization (World History) class, Part 2

4939 words - 20 pages . Nothing happened for 15 minutes; after that, the troops came out of their trenches and ran towards each other and began to hug. This ends World War I. The myth that the Socialist government in Germany made a peace agreement behind the soldier's back is created, and that Germany really didn't lose the war.Darwinism, Racism, NationalismNationalism is a love for your country based on five things: a common history, culture, language, bloodline, and

Study notes for each chapter in "Animal Farm" - Notes

1321 words - 6 pages STUDY NOTES FOR EACH CHAPTER IN ‘ANIMAL FARM’ CHAPTER 1-DREAMS OF A BETTER FUTURE The farm animals symbolise the different figures from the Russian Revolution of 1917 and this chapter introduces us to the theme of revolution. Old Major is the main figure in this chapter and he lights the spark of revolution on the farm. He is a symbol for leaders of the Russian revolution. In this chapter many of the animals are described in half-human ways

The Musical Notes Of History

1991 words - 8 pages turbulent time in our history. Between the Vietnam War, the new individualism felt by the younger generation, and the Civil Rights Movement, the 1960’s was a completely unique and nonreplicable situation in our country. Through events such as Woodstock and through people like James Brown and Neil Young our nation was helped through this time. The recent events of September 11th however, have created another situation unique to Americans and the world

Set of study notes on Causes of World War I

2427 words - 10 pages April 5th, 2002Causes of World War I1)Nationalism?Biggest cause of the First World War?At the root of all problems-British Nationalism?German rival naval fleet prompts British to increase their own?Trade opposition (Germany)?Germany was producing more coal and steal than Britain & France together, makes the British mad?Britain's nationalism is due to their concern over Germany-Germany's Nationalism?Driven by their newfound confidence over

Notes on the Roman Empire: A World State

1381 words - 6 pages million people w/ differing native languages, customs, & histories were united by Roman rule into a world community. Rome completed the trend towards universalism & cosmopolitanism that had emerged in the Hellenistic Age.* Literature and History. Virgil (70-19 B.C.) wrote the Aeneid. The Aeneid is a literary epic of national glory. The profoundest ideas and feelings expressed in the Aeneid are Roman virtues--patriotism, devotion to the family

Geography Notes

658 words - 3 pages Geography Notes: Chapter 21, Section ISouthwest Asia consists of a lot of strategic positionsLocated on two peninsulasLocated on a tectonic plateWhy there is such diverse landforms in the areaLand bridge connecting Southwest Asia with Asia, Africa, EuropeGolan Heights1967, war between Syria and IsraelHilly, plateau overlooking the Jordan River and the Sea of GalileeHas been a sight of conflict for decadesSouthwest Asia has an eclectic mixture of

Similar Essays

Ap United States History Chapter 7 Ap United States History Notes

1383 words - 6 pages political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. The demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, in defiance of the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into Boston Harbor. The British government responded harshly and the episode escalated into the American Revolution. The Tea Party became an

Chapter 8 Political Geo Key Iss 1 Ap H Uman Notes

1247 words - 5 pages CHAPTER 8 – Political Geography (Key Issue 1) Key Issue 1: Where are states located? Problems of defining states State- an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs. Sovereignty- independence from control of its internal affairs by other states. · The term ‘state’ does not refer to the 50 regional gov’ts inside the US. The 50 states of the US are

Ap Us History Notes From Unit One Ap Us History Reading Guide

1226 words - 5 pages Change is the building block of history and one of the reasons why the study of history fascinates so many people. We want to recognize what has changed and then understand why this change happened. Most colonists strove to live lives unfettered by the tyrannies of royal authority, official religion, and social hierarchies that they had left behind. They grew to cherish ideals that became synonymous with American life—reverence for individual

Help With Unit One Of Ap Biology Ap Biology Notes

2198 words - 9 pages Mader/Biology, 11/e – Chapter Outline Chapter 1 1.1 How to Define Life A. Living Things Are Organized 1. Organization of living systems begins with atoms, which make up basic building blocks called elements. 2. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all living things. a. Unicellular organisms are single celled organisms that either live independently, or as colonies. b. Multicellular organisms are made up of many cells that work