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Apartheid In Namibia Essay

1757 words - 8 pages

Max Santos
Dr. Luma
Political Science
February 10, 2014
Namibia
Located on the south-west coast of Africa surrounded by water and one of the oldest deserts in the world, lies a place most people do not recognize by name. its a place that is full of vibrent people with extreme pride in there culture and ways of life.
Namibia's land area totals about 319,000 sq miles, this makes it the thirty-fourth largest county in the world. It borders with Angola, Zambia, Botswana, and South Africa; and is between the Namib and the Kalahari deserts. Its unique location makes it the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa. The land area is broken up into five different geographical areas, the Central ...view middle of the document...

With an average of 300 days of sunshine annually Namibia is one of the sunniest countries in worldwide, because the evaporation rate is higher than the amount of rainfall, the climate is very hot and dry. The different regions show considerable climatic differences regarding precipitation and temperature though.
Present day Namibia was first knows as German South-West Africa up until 1915, when it was handed over to Great Britain and became a part of what we know today as south Africa. In 1884 a German merchant established a small city which he named Luderitz. After establishing a small city he asked that it be protected by Germany military to deter the British from invasion. Once granted, Germany began to move in and take over the area more so then anyone thought they would. it was thought that the German forces were going to guard the city, but it was soon found out that they had a plan of their own. At the Conference of Berlin, the claims of their newly occupied territory were confirmed. In the eyes of the native people, the claims that the Germans were making on their land were fraudulent.
1883 was the first year of hostile uprisings against the German rule, by the native Namibian people. Before the Herero and Namaqua Genocide of 1904, the Herero and Namaqua tribes had good reasons to distrust the Germans. The Germans tried to instill their views on property ownership and on European laws, this resulted in the biggest revolt known to the Herero wars of 1904. The Herero and Namaqua Genocide of 1904 was a series of two acts. The first occurred in August of 1904, as a result of Herero tribal uprising. German general Lothar von Trotha defeated the Herero in the Battle of Waterberg and drove them into the desert of Omaheke, where most of them died of thirst; trying to cross to British territory for asylum . This only led to another uprising of the Namaqua Tribe, which unfortunately ended in the same fate. For those who didn't die of starvation, or couldn't make it into British territory were captured and placed into concentration camps, where they were forced to perform slave labor. Many died of disease, exhaustion and malnutrition, the death rates are calculated at between 69 and 74%. its estimated that 10,000 Namaqua were killed, that's about half of their population. The Herero tribes, suffered an 80% loss in their population; about 65,000 lives. Some historians have speculated that the German genocide in Namibia, was a model used by Nazis in the Holocaust of World War II. The survivors were finally released from detention, but were subjected to dispossession, forced labor, racial segregation and discrimination.
Germanys control over the colony was lost during World War I, having been defeated by the allied powers. This meant that the territory was now under South African rule. In 1920, 5 years following the capture of the territory; the League of Nations granted South Africa a mandate to govern South West Africa. The years following the...

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