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Apartheid In South Africa Essay

1400 words - 6 pages

APARTHEIDApartheid is the political policy of racial segregation. In Afrikaans, it meansapartness, and it was pioneered in 1948 by the South African National Party when itcame to power.Not only did apartheid seperate whites from non-whites, it also segregated theBlacks (Africans) from the Coloureds (Indians, Asians).All things such as jobs, schools, railway stations, beaches, park benches, publictoilets and even parliament.Apartheid also prevented blacks from living in white areas. This brought aboutthe hated 'pass laws'. These laws required any non-white to carry a pass on him orher. Unless it was stamped on their pass, they were not allowed to stay in a white areafor more than 72 ...view middle of the document...

In 1994, the entire system collapsed after Pres. F.W. de Klerk gave non-whites tovote. Nelson Mandella was elected tooffice following his prison release in February1990.GROUP AREAS ACTA Group Areas Act, froom 1948, set aside most of the coutntry for use by thewhites. Smaller, and less desiracle areas called 'bantustans' were set aside for blacks.These areas are over crowded, un sanitory, and most of all, unhygenic. Soweto, alarge bantustan, is the size of Brighton, yet has over two million peopl in it.Blacks were told to regard these desolate and unfertile areas as their 'homelands'.Over half of the black South African population lived, not in these batustans, but in thewhite areas of the country for cheap labour. Nonwhites had to live in shanty towns,while the whites lived comfortably.KEY GROUPS AND FIGURESAWBThe AWB ( Afrikaans for Afrikaaners Resistance Movement) are an extreme rightwing group who seek the formation of a Volkstaat. A Volkstaat would be entirelymade up of Afrikaaners. Led by Eugene Terre'blanche, they resort to terroristactivities such as bombings, shootings, weapon theft and raids on black townships toachieve their aim. They are totally for segregation.STEVE BIKOBorn in 1946, he attended Natal University in 1966 to study medacine. Afterleaving the white dominated National Union of students to form the all-black SouthAfrican Students Organisation. Aleading figure in the Black Conciosness Movement,he formed the Black Peoples Convention, and several communtity based organisations.In 1975, he was held without arrest for 137 days. Not surprisingly, he died in 1977after being beaten in police custody after being taken from Port Elisabeth to Pretoria.NELSON MANDELLABorn into the Royal Family of the Tembu in Transkei. For involvement in studentpolitics, he was expelledfrom Fort Haire University, but obtained a law degree bycorrespondance. He established the first African law practise in Johannesburg alongwith his partner Oliver Tambo. He co-founded the ANC with Youth League withTambo and Walter Sisulu and eventually became National President. In 1952, he wasarrested for the Defiance campaign, which blatantly broke Apartheid laws. In 1956,Mandella was charged with High Treason. He was aquitted four and a half years later.After the Sharpeville massaacre, Mandella helped form the military wing of the ANC.He went into hiding and travelled abroad...

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