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Aphrodite & Cupid Essay

809 words - 3 pages

Aphrodite was the goddess of love, beauty and fertility. She is said to have been the daughter of Jupiter and Dione, but other myths say that she sprang, full-grown, from the foam of the sea near the island Cythera. Not only was she the goddess of beauty, but she was also a protector of sailors, and Aphrodite held great power over both mortals and immortals. So it should come as no surprise that she is written about in many myths, poems, and plays. While some legends of Aphrodite direct their themes towards love and desire, some of the most interesting myths deal with the consequences that the goddess, Aphrodite, went through as a result of being the victim of love.Aphrodite was married to the god of smiths, Hephaistos. However, on numerous occasions, Aphrodite slept with men other than her husband, both mortal and immortal. One affair she had was with the god of war, Mars. This is especially infamous, because as a result of this, Aphrodite gave birth to Cupid, the god of love. The ancient Romans often depicted Cupid as winged child or baby who carried a bow and quiver full of arrows. This association between Venus and Cupid was quite popular in myth, poetry, literature, and art.Cupid is perceived to be angel-like. This is due to a number of Roman and a Greek myth during the third and fourth century A.D. Cupid was not always childlike. After the birth of his brother Anteros, he rapidly grew to become a winged man. He was Aphrodite's constant companion and, armed with bow and arrows of desire, he would shoot them into the likes of both gods and men. (Bulfinch, 2)Cupid was a god who was in charge of passionate and physical love. He was the god created to harness the power into mortals with such force that it consumes them. That is why he is known as the god of desire or lust.Cupid's presence as a deity implies that love was one of the main moving parts in the creation of the universe. Cupid caused Gaia and Uranus to make love, thereby initiating the creation of all life. In spite of his ancient history, Cupid was not widely worshipped in early Greece. Later, he became very popular. A fertility cult in Thespiae worshipped him intently. In Athens the fourth day of every month was sacred to him and he shared, with...

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