Conspiracy theorists have argued that the U.S government staged the Moon landing in a secret location in a desperate attempt to show superiority to the Soviets in the Space Race. This interest in space was accelerated during the Cold War, when the USSR announced on October 4, 1957 that they had launched Sputnik 1, the first man made satellite. The accomplishment of this feat by the Soviets raised the fear of the U.S government and the American people that the Soviets would use this technological advance to their advantage in the Cold War. Specifically, although Sputnik itself was harmless, its success frightened the American public, because of high tensions at the time, in turn accentuating the possibility of a nuclear attack by the Soviets.
In order to address these concerns directly, the United States founded it’s own space program called the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in order to combat the Soviets eventually starting this Space Race. The Space Race was essentially a competition between the the Soviet Union and the United States in order to show supremacy in space exploration, and, at that time the Soviets were winning. In addition to their previous success with Sputnik 1, the Soviets successfully launched the first man into space, further highlighting their technological advancements over the Americans.
The United States realizing that they were losing the Space Race, made significant efforts to overcome the Soviets in this battle. For the next eight years the United States made it a national priority to land on the Moon before the Soviets. In 1969 the United States, by NASA, provided photographic and video evidence demonstrating the moon landing by Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong. That’s if they ever left this planet. The evidence used by conspiracy theorists are these photos and videos from NASA. Although the theory might have facial appeal, after viewing these forms of media through further investigation of the facts, the theory is not supported by the evidence.
One of the many claims of the feigned moon landing is that the American flag planted in the Moon’s surface is rippling in the photographs/videos. Conspiracy theorists state that since there is no air or wind on the Moon, the flag shouldn’t be rippling, suggesting that the Moon landing was staged. Although this argument may seem compelling, the claim that the rippling effect is caused solely by wind is a hasty generalization. If believers of this theory were to dig deeper into this claim, they would discover that there is substantial evidence that can be used to refute it. NASA, in response to this claim, states that the flag was stored in a thin tube and that the ripple effect was caused by the flag being unfurled before being planted into the Moon’s surface (Fox, 10 Reasons the Moon Landings Could Be a Hoax).
Additionally, NASA claims that the ripples were caused by the reaction force of the astronauts jamming the aluminum pole-that the flag was...