Appearance And Reality In Monkey And Tartuffe

1300 words - 5 pages

Creator of Le Misanthrope and French playwright Jean-Baptiste Poquelin had written Tartuffe, or the Impostor during the 17th century. Among the classical stories of the Chinese literature entitled Journey to the West, otherwise known as "Monkey" is created by Chinese scholar Wu Cheng'en. The comedy Tartuffe and the Monkey by Wu Cheng’en are stories accentuating on the exploration of the concepts of appearance and reality.
Tartuffe is a simple, realistic story about understanding the real deceivers and those who are deceived in life as represented by the antagonist in the comedy named Tartuffe. In examining the entire story, there is only one deceiver in the story specifically Tartuffe. As the title character of the story, Tartuffe is highly remarkable for depicting various attitudes towards the other characters to hide his real intentions. Only the readers can truly see what was he really up to. He has tremendously played with every character in the story by hiding his true motive by means of presenting his holiness to Madame Pernelle at the beginning of the story as well as to Orgon. Orgon's two-sided character is revealed in the following lines, "some joys, it's true, are wrong in Heaven's eyes, yet Heaven's not averse to compromise... any wrongful act you care to mention, may be redeemed by purity of intention" (Lawall and Mack 360). On the other hand, the major character in the story of Wu, the Stone Monkey showed realism as they search for the Buddhist scriptures with the help of Tripitaka, Zhu Bajie and Sha Wujing or Sandy.
The stories may be derived from different periods and diverse countries however both characters of the stories showed similarity in character. The appearance of both characters, Tartuffe and the Monkey King manifested arrogance given that the former always put a fight with the rest of the household while the Monkey King informs and repeats to others even to people he had just met that he is a sage from heaven.
Both the stories showed that the good appearance of the major characters, Monkey King and Tartuffe had been exceedingly trusted by other people particularly the Patriarch and Orgon respectively. The characters of Madame Pernelle and Orgon had been incredibly manipulated by the respectable and virtuous acts of Tartuffe in the story. His intentions of wickedness and immorality do not seem to come into view based on the standpoints of Madame Pernelle and Orgon because these characters seemed to be very much blinded by his noble actions as seen in the lines, "he used to come into church each day, and humbly kneel nearby and start to pray.... he'd sigh and weep, and sometimes with a sound of rapture he would bend and kiss the ground" (Lawall and Mack 310). Orgon was too blinded by the holiness of Tartuffe that he did not even see that he was simply an ordinary hypocrite who wanted other people to see him praying and asking for God’s grace. On the other hand, the Patriarch appreciated the attitude shown by the...

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